They reside in the 23 pairs of chromosomes residing within the nucleus of each of our cells. In the last century, many scientific progresses were made, but the most significant ones were in the last decade. The other approach is sequence annotation. The progress of science can potentially invade your life in the most direct ways, affecting the choices you make at the grocery store, your own health care and that of your family, and even your reproductive decisions. Chromosomes contain hundreds and sometimes thousands of genes, each carrying instructions for making proteins. The human genome has great importance for medicine. DNA structure contain chemical blocks called A (adenine) C( Cytosine) G (guanine) and T (thymine). It determines the sequence of the three billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA and store this information in data bases. Any type of organism can be identified by examination of DNA sequences to identify individuals, forensic scientist perform DNA fingerprints which is when scientist scan about ten DNA regions that vary from person to person and use the data to create a DNA profile of the individual. Genome science, he said, would go on to have a very real impact on all of our lives, and even more, upon the lives of our children. Recent advances have been made in genetic testing and have been possible to make DNA testing in more than 400 diseases, and in some, prenatal diagnosis. There are some potential benefits of HGP research to they are molecular medicine, microbial genome, risk assessment, evolution, DNA forensic and agriculture. Our mission is to liberate knowledge. The Human Genome Project (HGP) has created the field of genomic understanding genetic material on a large scale. This makes it much easier for doctors or healthcare professionals to locate areas of the gene that might be susceptible to genetic diseases, or locate areas where genetic mutations commonly occur. In February 2001, two versions of a nearly complete sequence of the 3 billion nucleotides in the human genome were published by the two groups of investigators: one public and academic led by Francis Collins of the National Center for Human Genome Research, who published his work in Nature, and the other private and commercial, led by Craig Venter of Celera Genomics, who published his results in Science. 1996: The “Bermuda Principles” for free Human Genome Project data access are drafted. Mendel is known as the father of modern genetics today. However, they only make up about 1.5 per cent of the genome. HGP started in the October of year 1990. 1860s: Gregor Mendel researches plant hybridization. This is a much faster way to sequence DNA than the “BAC-to-BAC” method, which was previously used. Le projet génome humain est un programme entrepris en 1990 dont la mission était d'établir le séquençage complet de l'ADN du génome humain. here sequencing the whole set of genome is taken that contained all the coding and non-coding sequence, and later assigning different regions in the sequence with functions. What are the objectives and the current achievements of human genome project? DNA contains the genetic blueprint that dictates your personal traits, from blood type to height to hair color. Much of the post-HGP focus has fallen on genes, spurring new discussions of how heredity works and causing scientists to lo­ok at DNA differently, setting aside the traditional focus on genes as the dominant actors within DNA. The study revealed that sequencing the whole genome of infants diagnosed with a rare disease led to shorter hospital stays and better health outcomes overall. What Are Free Radicals and How Do They Affect My Health. These blocks, by combining with each other form a complex sequence. This rapidly developing field holds great potential for treating or even curing genetic and acquired diseases. The cloning resulted in to amplification of each piece of DNA faragment so that it subsequently could be sequenced with ease. In an effort to facilitate discussion about genomics, the Center for Individualized Medicine at Mayo Clinic recently released 10 reasons why the genome matters for diagnosis and treatment. The pace of discovery accelerated in the years after World War II, and the last 30 years have seen amazing advances in the field.