15 Bible Verses about Making Amends – What does the Bible say about Making Amends? “When a man borrows an animal from his neighbor, and it is injured or dies while its owner is not there with it, the man must make full restitution. Therefore, he is not required to perform any restitution at all." If the stolen animal is found alive in his possession … he must pay back double. There they will deposit the most holy offerings—the grain offerings, sin offerings, and restitution offerings—for the place is holy. . In 2 Samuel 12:6 a fourfold restitution is mentioned, and in the New Testament Zacchaeus promises to restore fourfold if he could be convicted of fraud . Christians have a unique opportunity in this cultural moment to bear witness to the absolute justice God. For I am Yahweh who sets them apart.”. Exodus 22:3 Meaning 4 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double. And the priest shall make atonement for him before the Lord, and he shall be forgiven for any of the things that one may do and thereby become guilty” (Lev 6:6-7). He is to pay money to its owner, and the dead animal will become his. It’s not a new concept, so let’s take a look at the concept of restitution in the Bible. How much is the right amount? Unsurprisingly, as conversations over racial reconciliation escalate within the church, the notion of reparations has come to the fore, and many are inquiring as to what extent it may overlap with the biblical concept of restitution. to make amends to any person he has injured or wronged by his sinning. If its owner is there with it, the man does not have to make restitution. Matt 3:8, Lk 19:8). Founders Ministries or anything else about which he swore falsely. It is a restitution offering; he is indeed guilty before the Lord.”. (7) “Justice” in the Bible is restorative, through and through. He must make restitution for the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing and had no compassion.”. It's in the Bible, Exodus 22:9, TLB. . In case you are not familiar with the story let me share it very briefly. If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. Today we have no animal sacrifices, priesthood, or tabernacle except that which is embodied and fulfilled in the substitutionary death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. What we need is mercy. "If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and slaughters it or sells it, he shall restore five oxen for an ox and four sheep for a sheep. This is gospel drama. This, of course, applies within the context of measurable wrongs directly triable under law. After he slaughters the male lamb for the restitution offering, the priest is to take some of the blood of the restitution offering and put it on the right earlobe of the one to be cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot. The Bible simply cannot be read like any other book from beginning to end. Anyone who, in the name of Christ, advocates reparations as means of social atonement is veering dangerously close to counting as common the blood by which we are sanctified from all our crimes and misdeeds (cf. While restitution did not save him, it was evidence that he had truly repented in the way he abused his power. requiring the offending parties to make restitution. Leviticus 6:1-7 offers five truths to teach us about biblical restitution, culminating in a dramatic preview of the gospel. To pay reparations means to make amends for a wrong that was done. Therefore, when we consult the Old Testament, we must seek not only to apply it to our social order but to see all the way through to Christ in the text. In economics, we are not dealing with a domain of human culture hermetically sealed off from the commands of Scripture. To interject a coercive state as a force of redistribution overturns the argument of the text: namely, that I directly owe my neighbor for whatever I wrongfully took from him. But making restitution for the past sins may be very difficult and require much sacrifice. In the Old Testament, for example, we’re told that, “A thief must certainly make restitution, but if he has nothing, he must be sold to pay for his theft. He said to me, “This is the place where the priests will boil the restitution offering and the sin offering, and where they will bake the grain offering, so that they do not bring them into the outer court and transmit holiness to the people.”. It is especially holy, like the sin offering and the restitution offering. Several laws regarding biblical restitution can be found in Exodus 21—22. The priest will also put some of the oil in his palm on the right earlobe of the one to be cleansed, on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the same place as the blood of the restitution offering. And while civil magistrates must exact what it owed from those who commit financial wrong whether repentant or not, the modern notion of imposed economic equity is but a poor counterfeit of the biblical ideal of genuine reconciliation. Not all sins are crimes, nor are all crimes sins per se, but here the overlap is significant. Restitution, albeit just, can never fully atone for any sin present or ancestral. It belongs to the priest who makes atonement with it. Increasingly, biblically-aware Christians are consulting their Old Testaments to help them navigate modern issues of social justice and biblical law. And knowing the greed in man’s heart inherent since the Fall, affecting everyone from paupers to princes, we must exercise caution whenever a human institution inserts itself into any transaction. Yes, it takes a lot of courage and humility to confess our sins and make restitution to those we have done wrong, but it has to be done. 'If a man steals an ox or small livestock and slaughters it or sells it, he will make restitution with five cattle in place of the ox and with four sheep or goats in place of the small livestock.