A crop is a plant or animal product that can be grown and harvested extensively for profit or subsistence. Most crops are harvested as food for humans or fodder for livestock. Grains, such as corn, wheat, and rice, are the world’s most popular food crops. Food crops, such as fruit and vegetables, are harvested for human consumption. [7] We derived the global distribution of 18 major crop types by synthesizing agricultural census data on harvested area, and the global cropland data set of Ramankutty and Foley [1998]. Most crops are cultivated in agriculture or aquaculture.A crop may include macroscopic fungus (e.g. Two main root crops are grown in the EU; these are sugar beet, grown on 1.7 million hectares across the EU in 2018, and potatoes, also grown on 1.7 million hectares. We arrived at 17 major crop categories Grains, such as corn, wheat, and rice, are the world’s most popular food crops. Roots, also known as tubers, often grow in climates that are difficult for other crops. The price of corn has risen 122%. By use, crops fall into six categories: food crops, feed crops, fiber crops, oil crops, ornamental crops, and industrial crops. Another significant portion of global caloric intake comes from the consumption of roots, which provide 5.3% of humanity's energy intake. Cotton prices have risen as high as 150% over that period. Approximately 15% of the world’s calorie intake comes from wheat. Food crops, such as fruits, vegetables, and grains, are harvested to feed the more than 7 billion people on Earth. Prices of many of the world’s most widely planted crops have nearly doubled over the past year. Crops may refer either to the harvested parts or to the harvest in a more refined state. Root and Tuber Crops - 5.3%. Climate, accessibility, trade, and culture are just some of the geographic factors that influence the popularity of a food crop in a given region. Ninety percent of the world’s food energy intake comes from a mere 15 crops with rice, corn and wheat contributing two-thirds of this. Other root crops like fodder beet, fodder kale, rutabaga, fodder carrot, turnips are specialist crops grown on a combined total of only an estimated 0.1 million hectares. These three are the staples of more than 4,000 million people, with rice being consumed by almost one-half of the world population. Some major food crops include; corn, soybeans, rice and sunflower seeds. List of Major Staple Crops A crop is a plant or plant product that can be grown and harvested for profit or subsistence. The crop categories were selected using distinct biogeochemical, phonological, and food resource characteristics. Food crops are crops grown to be consumed for survival. mushrooms), or alga..