Originating in the Asia-Pacific region, global food transportation has held re-distribute this pest globally, ensuring its place as one of the most important pest species of stored produce. Maintaining internal salt and water balance in response to fluctuating external conditions is essential for animal survival. The organic chemical function groups of the wings were detected using Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Patterns of Proteins at Different Stages of Red Flour Beetle, Tribolium castaneum Pranavi Sriramoju1 and Lakshmipathi Vadlakonda2 1 Department of Biochemistry, Kakatiya University, Warangal, TS, India. Mobility. Forty‐one GSTs have been identified in Tribolium castaneum; however, none of the 41 GSTs has been functionally characterized.Here, three delta‐class GSTs, TcGSTd1, TcGSTd2 and TcGSTd3, of T. castaneum were successfully cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. About this page. Photographs by Rebecca Baldwin, University of Florida. The head of a red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), showing the notched eye. 2 Department of Zoology, Kakatiya University, Warangal, TS, India. ©Georg Goergen (source CABI CPC) Tribolium castaneum (Herbst, 1797) - Red Flour Beetle. The confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val, also has the notched eye. The red flour beetle is found in most tropical and subtropical countries in the world. Full Text (PDF) Emerging Model Organisms The Red Flour Beetle, Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera): A Model for Studies of Development and Pest Biology . The confused flour beetle, Tribolium confusum Jacquelin du Val, has the same tarsel formula. In this paper, the morphological and histological structure of the wings of two species of beetles, Tribolium castaneum and Tribolium confusum, has been investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). View EC11234.pdf from BIO 1030 at Clemson University. It is a pest of stored maize and a variety of stored products. The red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum. The red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum) is an important pest of stored grains and agricultural produce world wide. Figure 6. Susan J. Download as PDF. Tribolium castaneum is a major pest of both raw and processed commodities. Relationship between Population Growth of the Red Flour Beetle Tribolium Castaneum and Protein and Carbohydrate Content in Flour and Glutathione S‐transferases (GSTs) are members of a multifunctional enzyme superfamily. This is particularly true for insects as their high surface-to-volume ratio makes them highly susceptible to osmotic stress. Brown, Teresa D. Shippy, Sherry Miller, Renata Bolognesi, Richard W. Beeman, Marcé D. Lorenzen, Gregor Bucher, Summary. Example 1—Exploitation of food sources by Tribolium castaneum. David W. Hagstrum, Bhadriraju Subramanyam, in Fundamentals of Stored-Product Entomology, 2006. Abstract: Tribolium castaneum, a red flour beetle is one of the important pests of stored agricultural products, Set alert.