The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Optimum amounts of fertilizers (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) vary greatly with soil types, climatic conditions, and the kind and length of the growing cycle. To secure a good crop, weeds in the cane fields must be attacked until the cane stools develop a good canopy, which checks weed growth. Saccharum officinarum - Sugarcane, Sugar Cane, Ko - Hawaiian Plants and Tropical Flowers. The mature cane is harvested by both manual and mechanical means. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. Other sugarcane products include molasses, rum, and cachaça (a Brazilian alcohol), and the plant itself can be used as thatch and as livestock fodder. Hence, scientific name of Sugarcane is used worldwide. Sugarcane or sugar cane refer to several species and hybrids of tall perennial grasses in the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, that are used for sugar production. Tillering, or sprouting at the base of the plant, takes place, and each original seed cane develops into a number of growing canes, forming a stool. New Guinea. Saccharum officinarum is a large, strong-growing species of grass in the genus Saccharum. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Explore Sugarcane Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. For information on the processing of cane sugar and the history of its use, see sugar. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Every plant has different names in different languages. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Here are common names of Sugarcane. Chemical herbicides are widely used. It arrived in the New World with the Spanish and is now cultivated in tropical and subtropical countries worldwide for the production of sugar, ethanol and other products. The scientific name of Sugarcaneis the botanical name or formal name. Cultivated species. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes can be used directly to produce ethyl alcohol (ethanol). Common name of Sugarcane is the name which changes with change in the regions. The by-products from cane sugar processing, namely the straw and bagasse (cane fibres), can be used to produce cellulosic ethanol, a second-generation biofuel. Sugarcane is grown in various kinds of soils, such as red volcanic soils and alluvial soils of rivers. Preferred Scientific Name. The ratooning process is usually repeated three times so that three economical crops are taken from one original planting. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Root bands adjacent to each bud give rise to a large number of roots, and each young shoot develops its own root system. Sugarcane in Spanish can be different from Sugarcane in English. The yield of ratoon crops decreases after each cycle, and at the end of the last economical cycle all stumps are plowed out and the field is replanted. The sections of the stalk of immature cane used for planting are known as seed cane, or cane sets, and have two or more buds (eyes), usually three. The sugarcane plant produces a number of stalks that reach 3 to 7 metres (10 to 24 feet) high and bear long sword-shaped leaves. Sugarcane in Spanish can be different from Sugarcane in English. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Weeding, still largely manual, is done with a hoe, though mechanical cane weeders with attached rakes have been developed. Former Professor of Food Manufacture, Showa Women's University, Tokyo. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes can be used directly to produce ethyl alcohol (ethanol). Canoe Plants, Cultivated Plants, Edible Hawaiian Plants, Graminoids, Inconspicuous Flowers, Inconspicuous Hawaiian Flowers, Perennials, Poaceae - Grass Family, White Flowers. Sugarcane harvesting and processing in Brazil. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Fertilizers are applied to sugarcane from the beginning of planting through the whole growth cycle but not during the ripening period. Pondya, Pundia. Updates? The common name of any plant can differ region to region. The plants are two to six metres (six to twenty feet) tall with stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sucrose, which accumulates in the stalk internodes. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Noble species. Harvesting and milling begin in the dry, relatively cool season of the year and last for five to six months. Some mechanical harvesters are able to sever and discard the tops of erect crops and cut cane stalks, which are delivered into a bin trailer for transport to the mill by tractor or light railway wagon. The lowest temperature for good cane-plant growth is about 20 °C (68 °F). Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Author of. S.officinarum. Omissions? To attain good yields, sugarcane requires 2,000 to 2,300 mm (80 to 90 inches) of water during the growing period. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. sugarcane; International Common Names. Thick, juicy … Its stout stalks are rich in sucrose, a simple sugar which accumulates in the stalk internodes. This plant is called गन्ना in Hindi, Saccharum in Greek, Cana-de-açúcar in Portuguese and Saccharum in Polish. Most of the world’s sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. The land is plowed and left to weather for a time before subsoiling (stirring up the subsoil) is carried out. The crop demands a well-drained soil, and drains—on the surface, underground, or both—are provided according to the topographic conditions of the fields. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Saccharum. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class The ideal soil is a mixture of sand, silt, and clay particles, with a measure of organic material. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed.