The final step in formulation of a comprehensive set of products that substitute PHVO is component blending. 10. Despite the fact that palm kernel oil was also classed as a ‘tropical oil’ in the United States, the consumption of this oil was greater than or equal to that of palm oil up to 2004. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, URL:, Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), Lipid Metabolism in Plants Under High Temperature, Effect of High Temperature on Crop Productivity and Metabolism of Macro Molecules, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND AGRONOMY | Oil Palm and Coconut, Palm Oleochemicals in Non-food Applications, Shoot Kian Yeong, ... Hazimah Abu Hassan, in, Palm and Palm Kernel Oil Production and Processing in Nigeria, Oilseed Composition and Modification for Health and Nutrition, Saturated fats in foods and strategies for their replacement: an introduction, Processing Solutions: Fractionation and Blended Oils, Measurement and Maintenance of Palm Oil Quality. Palm oil contains very little natural glycerin, so although it makes nice bubbles, it is not considered a moisturizing type of oil. This feature is used to improve the mouth feel (rapid melting) in the following formula: Palm kernel olein (30 parts) interesterified with palm stearin (70 parts) forms a margarine stock. To make margarine, 60 parts are blended with 40 parts liquid oil. About 85 to 90% of palm oil is used in food application such as cooking oil, margarine, shortening, confectionery fats, etc. Palm kernel oil is an important source of lauric oil which is in great demand for lauric acid with the expansion of oleochemical industry worldwide. Nearly 64% consist of lauric (C12) and myristic (C14) acids. Other uses for PKO include vegetable oil-based mozzarella cheeses made with a blend of 70/30 palm kernel olein and palm oil. However, the raise in total cholesterol concentration is partly due to more HDL-C than LDL-C. Palm kernel oil does not contain cholesterol or trans fatty acids. Palm kernel oil is laurate (12:0)-rich, has many industrial uses, especially soap production, and is gradually replacing coconut oil as the main laurate-enriched oil. Melting curves of palm oil–based shortenings. The Oil Palm, 3rd edn. [clarification needed] B.C. By combining fractions of palm oil, IOI Loders Croklaan has already produced more than 100 trans-free products based on palm oil that are available around the world as substitutes for PHVO products. Fractionation procedures (discussed elsewhere in this book) produce an array of products which greatly expand palm oil’s usage in diverse food formulations. [8] However, the raise in total cholesterol concentration is partly due to more HDL-C than LDL-C.[9] Palm kernel oil does not contain cholesterol or trans fatty acids. Submit your stories now via social or: Thank you! By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Planting materials with high kernel contents will soon be released for commercial planting. This chapter will discuss some of the nutritional aspects of palm oil and summarize key findings. Owing to its unique strong smell, palm kernel oil helps tackle body odor when it is applied to the skin on a regular basis. Palm kernel oil is a coproduct of palm oil milling. And it can be found in a number of products, including margarine, vegetable oil, and shortening, creamers, chocolate and ice cream. 1.6). Join the Shoot Kian Yeong, ... Hazimah Abu Hassan, in Palm Oil, 2012. Furthermore, given that palm oil yield per hectare is roughly ten times the yield of soybean oil, this means that global palm oil output is obtained from less than 5% of the total arable land. Examples include shortening, margarine, vanaspati, frying fat, and specialty fats (Berger, 2010). Alternative medicine has shown that palm kernel oil is a wonderful solution when it comes to treating convulsion in kids. Palm kernel oil, palm oil, and coconut oil are three of the few highly saturated vegetable fats; these oils give the name to the 16-carbon saturated fatty acid palmitic acid that they contain. Palm oil was the leading edible oil produced, overtaking soybean oil which accounted for ~ 23% of global production. High-yielding elite dura palms with high kernel to bunch contents have been introgressed to produce new planting materials with high kernel to bunch (over 10%) as compared to the current commercial planting materials with 6% kernel to bunch. A margarine high in polyunsaturated fatty acids is made by blending 12% of this hard stock with 88% of a liquid oil such as sunflower oil. It is dark black in colour and distinguishes itself with a unique strong taste and smell. B.S. ALSO READ: What are the causes of hiccups? Palm kernel production from the wild groves and small/medium scale farmers was about 208,151 tonnes per annum (89% of total annual production). Palm oil and palm kernel oil, single natural products, can be readily transformed into several components and products using fractionation and interesterification.