© 2020  Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. 12.3. It is used widely as infrared optical windows and components for general spectroscopy because of its wide spectral range. It improves differentiation between exposed and unexposed crystals of silver halide, and thus reduces fog. For faster navigation, this Iframe is preloading the Wikiwand page for, Note: preferences and languages are saved separately in https mode. Question =  Is CLO3- polar or  nonpolar  ? Welcome to the ECHA website. Sigma-Aldrich offers a number of Potassium bromide products. Potassium Bromide. 18. All Rights Reserved. The refractive index is about 1.55 at 1.0 µm. It serves as a source of bromide ions. USE: Potassium bromide is an important commercial chemical. 12.4. – P. 18 • Lur'e Yu.Yu. It is freely soluble in water; it is not soluble in acetonitrile. Uchebnoe posobie po farmacevticheskoy himii. Answer =  AsH3  ( Arsine )  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? In the latter half of the 19th century, potassium bromide was used for the calming of s… – P. 80-81 • Fizicheskie velichiny. The British Army has historically been claimed to lace soldiers' tea with bromide to quell sexual arousal but that is likely untrue as doing so would also diminish alertness in battle. [6], There was not a better epilepsy drug until phenobarbital in 1912. 77, No. )η (dynamic viscosity): 1,18 (747°), 0,92 (847°), 0,83 (907°) mPa∙sΔHmelt (molar enthalpy of melting): 29 kJ/molΔH°298 (Standard molar enthalpy of reaction at 298 К): -180 (g) kJ/molΔG°298 (standard molar Gibbs energy of reaction at 298 К): -378,8 (s) kJ/molS°298 (standard molar entropy at 298 К): 250,42 (g) J/(mol•К)C°p (standard molar heat capacity): 36,93 (g) J/(mol•К)Dip (dipole moment): 9,1 (650°) debyeSurf. If swallowed in heavy quantity, this substate causes delirium, psychosis, and somnolence. Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. Question =  Is ICl3 polar or  nonpolar  ? Potassium bromide in large quantity causes sensory disturbances, vertigo, death, and increases the pressure of the spinal fluid. Question =  Is C4H10 polar or  nonpolar   ? Answer =  SCN-  (Thiocyanate) is   Polar What is polar and non-polar? Rarely, tongue disorder, This page was last edited on 10 October 2020, at 13:27. Potassium bromide is hygroscopic. You can help our automatic cover photo selection by reporting an unsuitable photo. At the time, it was commonly thought that epilepsy was caused by masturbation. Solubility Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid, or gaseous solvent. Medical use of bromides in the US was discontinued at this time, as many better and shorter-acting sedatives were known by then. The solubility of a substance is an entirely different property from the rate of solution, which is how fast it dissolves. This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. Asthma and rhinitis may worsen. Bioaccumulative potential Potassium Bromide (7758 -02 -3) Bioaccumulative potential Not established. – P. 68. http://periodic-table-of-elements.org/SOLUBILITY. Give good old Wikipedia a great new look: Cover photo is available under {{::mainImage.info.license.name || 'Unknown'}} license. Bromide compounds, especially sodium bromide, remained in over-the-counter sedatives and headache remedies (such as the original formulation of Bromo-Seltzer) in the US until 1975, when bromides were outlawed in all over-the-counter medicines, due to chronic toxicity. The drug has almost complete bioavailability, but the bromide ion has a relatively long half life of 12 days in the blood,[5] making bromide salts difficult to adjust and dose. (surface tension): 88,2 (750°), 81 (850°), 73,8 (950°) mN/mC (speed of sound): 1770 (742°, liquid) 3550 (20°, solid, axial L100) 1360 (20°, solid, axial S100) 3020 (20°, solid, axial L110) m/sLITERARY REFERENCES: • Spravochnik himika. Pricing & availability is not currently available. IDENTIFICATION: Potassium bromide is a white crystalline powder or granule. Potassium bromide, a typical ionic salt, is fully dissociated and near pH 7 in aqueous solution. The solubility of potassium bromide in water is 687 g/L at 25°C. Alternatively, samples may be analyzed as a liquid film (neat, as a solution, or in a mull with Nujol) between two polished potassium bromide discs.[9]. A 1.200 m solution of sucrose will have lower boiling point than 0.325 m solution of potassium … Potassium bromide is a halide salt most commonly used as an add-on anticonvulsant drug to phenobarbital when the latter is ineffective or not as effective as desired. Potassium bromide (KBr) is a salt, widely used as an anticonvulsant and a sedative in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with over-the-counter use extending to 1975 in the US. He potassium bromide (KBr) is a haloide salt produced by a highly electropositive element, such as potassium (K), and highly electronegative, such as bromine (Br). Mobility in soil [5] By the beginning of the 20th century the generic word had become so widely associated with being sedate that bromide came to mean a dull, sedate person or a boring platitude uttered by such a person. It is odorless and has a strong, bitter taste. Spravochnik po analiticheskoy himii. - M.: Himiya, 1971. Potassium bromide, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Potassium bromide is used as a veterinary drug, as an antiepileptic medication for dogs. [10], Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Potassium_bromide&oldid=982806896, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. It is soluble in water. Potassium bromide tablets are sold under the brand name Dibro-Be mono (Rx-only). Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid, or gaseous solvent. Answer =  CLO3-  (Chlorate)  is  Polar What is polar and non-polar? Question: Is KBr ( Potassium bromide ) Soluble or Insoluble in water ? In the latter half of the 19th century, potassium bromide was used for the calming of seizure and nervous disorders on an enormous scale, with the use by single hospitals being as much as several tons a year (the dose for a given person being a few grams per day). Type in Product Names, Product Numbers, or CAS Numbers to see suggestions. In infrared spectroscopy, samples are analyzed by grinding with powdered potassium bromide and pressing into a disc. Please remove at least one to add a new selection. As with other antiepileptics, sometimes even therapeutic doses (3 to 5 grams per day, taking 6 to 8 weeks to reach stable levels) may give rise to intoxication. [citation needed]. Question =  Is C2Cl4 polar or  nonpolar   ? – P. 91 • Rabinovich V.A., Havin Z.Ya. Question: Is H2SO3 an ionic or  Molecular bond  ? Phenobarbital, or PB, has been used to treat seizures for years too. Potassium bromide, anhydrous, powder, 99.999% trace metals basis. The therapeutic index (ratio of effectiveness to toxicity) for bromide is small. Your input will affect cover photo selection, along with input from other users. - M.: Energoatomizdat, 1991. The use of bromide as a treatment drug for animals means that veterinary medical diagnostic laboratories are able as a matter of routine to measure serum levels of bromide on order of a veterinarian, whereas human medical diagnostic labs in the US do not measure bromide as a routine test. (Select up to %1% total). - pod red. The anticonvulsant properties of potassium bromide were first noted by Sir Charles Locock at a meeting of the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society in 1857. True or False. Eur., BP, USP, 99.5-100.5%. - L.-M.: Himiya, 1964. EC number: 231-830-3 | CAS number: 7758-02-3. Would you like to suggest this photo as the cover photo for this article? Due to its high solubility and hygroscopic nature it must be kept in a dry environment. Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The physical aspect is a white crystalline solid and is hygroscopic; that is, it absorbs water from the medium. The term insoluble is often applied to poorly or very poorly soluble compounds. This site is not fully supported in Internet Explorer 7 (and earlier versions).