Further, pineapple’s high perishability is another challenge which calls for building strong value chains to enable growers readily direct their harvests to more rewarding markets. Lack of good varieties 5. The rate of pineapple’s response to fertilizer almost doubled from 13.42 kg fruit/kg fertilizer with farmers’ practices to 23.07 kg fruit/kg fertilizer with the experimental practice. If you don’t have any specific soil needs, a 5-5-5 fertilizer is an all-purpose fertilizer that provides plants with what they need for healthy growth. Certainly not much. Adaptability testing Different locations (NCVT trials). They expedite plant growth and can contribute to bloom rate in flowering plants. Stem borer 4. Nematodes 5. x]�An�0E�:��"0-�v��H[��d�2Ԓ �߾�Ӵ��x9���y���ŭ��c�O������y��Mr�t�l���o�w�oͩ�����yI��Ѝ�,3�V?H9/���=��! On the label, you’ll see numbers like 5-10-10, 10-10-10, and 10-6-4. 1. Potassium-rich fertilizer needs to be applied both in the soil and by foliage spraying. Symphylids 9. However, they are high in salts and can be detrimental to populations of beneficial microorganisms and also leach into water sources. Calcium (Ca), which improves general plant vigor and promotes the growth of young roots and shoots. Experimental and socioeconomic data were collected from 89 randomly selected pineapple growers among 5381 growers in Zè district. BONUS: You’ll also receive our Almanac Companion newsletter! Pineapple plants can be grown as an attractive tropical indoor plant, or in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and 11 outdoors. Poor drainage soils are not good Optimum soil PH = 5.5-6.5 Salinity and alkalinity soils are not good except little acidity and heavy clay Should be exposed to sunlight in the open field or intercrop with young or old coconut Ca and Mn rich soils are not good. ESTA Kieserite is an ideal source of magnesium and sulphur for pineapple which prefers acid soils. Ripe fruit: Possesses germicidal, laxative, and invigorative properties, contains digestive enzyme increases appetite. Symphylids 9. Applying compost tea to both soil and plant foliage adds those beneficial microorganisms to the growing medium, which boosts plant health and encourages growth. hެU�n�@��}���oU h � I��Q��K\"p���;���7����efvf���E�B���K��p�'�A�d�x��$Hȕ#�pc0^�8���~��l�������v��g��]�#YlS:����/o��$O��䤒�o^�ǷO�*'^��9��f�3�i?y���9'F Before buying bags or bottles of fertilizers, consider how you might add nutrients to the soil by improving its biology. Every fertilizer label will give information relating to its “N-P-K” content, expressed as a number ratio. Unripe fruit: Can cause abortion. Should contain 30 - 35 leaves and the age at 8 - 10 months, Pineapple hybridization Steps:- 1. Cordials, canned products , jams, alcohol (wine), syrup, dehydrated products for confectionery, ice cream. pineapple wilt) 10. Should contain 30 - 35 leaves and the age at 8 - 10 months, Not necessary to emasculate, not necessary to isolate the plants or flowers, Anthers collected to small box by forceps at around 10 AM, Single anther rubbed over the stigma with forceps, Ripen fruits are separately harvest for seed extraction, Cut the ripen fruits & get the hybrid seeds, Seeds germination (4-6 weeks) - Seeds will be placed on bricks, It has to be covered with polyethylene or piece of flat glass, 30-45 days old seedlings will be planted in the seedling trays & kept for 6 months, Seedlings will be replanted in the field nursery & kept for 6 months, Lines should be evaluated by using fruit to row planting system, Spacing 1x2 m (All the seedlings of one fruit should plant in one row), Plants should be selected for Gene-typically differences, Characters for high yields & qualities, Selected plants should be propagated by vegetative suckers, Progeny screening & data collection should be continued up to third generation, Single row system should be adapted (spacing 0.30 x 1.00 m), Data should be collected from the ratoon crops. Gently work it 1/2 inch deep in the soil. Feeding added magnesium to your pineapple plant will promote carbohydrate and sugar supply to the forming fruit, thus increasing the taste and size. Acetic souring 7. Free worms if you want to try it Stem borer 4. Fertilizer. Pest and diseases (esp. Nutrients are metered out over several weeks. Pineapple is either consumed as a tasty and juicy fresh fruit or processed into slices, compotes and juice. Iam wondering if my fall garden mostly greens could still use some more nitrogen? The N:K ratio in pineapple fertilisation has a great influence on fruit quality and needs to be widened with progressive age of the crop during growth, e.g. SOP is the potash source which is ideal to supply the high K demand of the crop and also can overcome deficiency. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Double row method (1.5 m x 0.3 m) (Space between two double row - 1.5 m)  (Space between the two row in double row - 0.6 m), Pretreatment of suckers 1. Synthetic fertilizers are great for a boost, but do little to improve your soil’s long-term health, texture, or long-term fertility. Thank you, Young pineapple plants should be fertilized every two months or so during the growing season. Nursery Management of Seedlings, Steps:-4. A dry fertilizer that contains 6 to 10 percent nitrogen, 6 to 10 percent potash, 6 to 10 percent phosphoric acid, and 4 to 6 percent magnesium works well. Pineapples are very responsive to magnesium and sulphur applications. By law, the ratio label can only list nutrients that are immediately available. Pineapple mites 10. AJOL is annually audited and was also independently assessed in 2019 by E&Y. Cordials, canned products, jams, alcohol (wine), syrup, dehydrated products for confectionery, ice cream. x��y|T��?~ι��wf2{&�ܙI2��l���fcA!H$���..��\*��R���e��p�h�V-��G[�`�.�Q�i�d�}�;a�����^����9���{�g��;kV];�IH��kf� �'����]ʖs��+Z���k���/�4^�t��l9��k�.�? Compost is great for adding organic matter to the soil, but pretty lousy when you need mineral fertilizer, the NPK the article mentions. Use up to 2 ounces of the fertilizer for the first two sessions, followed by 1 to 3 ounces for the third and fourth feeding sessions, and then between 3 to 6 ounces for the fifth and sixth session of the first growing year. Nature of cultivation Medium and large scale orchards and home gardens. %PDF-1.7 %���� b $BT�(x>αS)V'ԅs�T;�UU4�R$c�c�x�3�k�DW�uGp�ssEm�n>�J�_Xʇe��]�2�` q�� endstream endobj 111 0 obj <>stream While the profit rate of pineapple production was almost the same (86%) without fertilizer … Please use the link above to donate via Paypal. Growth continued after fruiting by one or more auxiliary buds in the leaf axil growing in to vegetative branches (suckers) as a ratoon crops. Depending on your soil, which should be tested prior to planting pineapple for nutritional content, you may need to supplement the nutritional needs of your plant. However, farmers cannot yet harvest the promised gold as only 1% among them presently apply that high-dose best practice. Knowing your plants’ growing medium is key to knowing what kind of fertilizer(s) will benefit them. Scale insects Control of pineapple pest and diseases. Growers’ perceptions on innovative practices and their own financing strategies will be critical to foster the adoption of improved fertilizer use technologies and boost agricultural productivity in Benin. ��WU�tڄ}���A��W�c����k�����Zs�g�4{L���+��㽝�I�� Za� endstream endobj 110 0 obj <>stream Supplementing with an additional water-soluble fertilizer is a way to ensure that your plants have the nutrients they need when they need a boost (during active growth).