PD2-LV 65 harvested 115 days after sowing (Rs 18 380 ha-1). With warm temperatures and plentiful irrigation, conditions are optimal for luxuriant crop growth for ten months of the year. Oats account for more than 35 percent of the land under forages in Pakistan. Oats are mainly grown in temperate and cool subtropical environments. It gives an average yield of 245qtl/acre. Oats were intercropped in winter-active lucerne and red clover in rows 30 cm apart at several sites. The National Uniform Yield Trial is a continuous on-farm evaluation programme, and each year new introductions are included in these trials. Year-round fodder production is the most important component in local farming systems and a great deal of research is being carried out in the four provinces of Pakistan as part of a national coordinated fodder research programme. It can be cultivated in areas of Punjab, Delhi, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. Buy Quaker White Oats Pouch (500gm) online only on Gomart Pakistan- Best online Grocery shopping Pakistan Quaker White Oats Pouch (500gm) TABLE 6.3Green and dry matter yields (t ha-1) of oats, barley and vetch at two sites in 1994-1997, TABLE 6.4Green and dry matter yield (t ha-1) of oat cultivars at the National Agricultural Research Centre, Islamabad, during 1985 - 87 (average of two years). It is resistant against drought. Swan harvested for fodder after 85 and 100 days (Rs 18 600 and 18 980 ha-1) and cv. Some forage is transported over 300-400 km, such as from Hyderabad, Sukkar and Nawab Shah to Karachi; from Kasur, Sheikhupura, Gujranwala, Faisalabad and Renala Khurd to Mirpur (AJK) and Rawalpindi-Islamabad; and from Nowshera, Charsada, Mardan and Malakand to Peshawar. The results obtained are presented in Figure 6.4. Appreciating the importance of oats as a promising fodder, and to palliate the winter feed problem, oat cultivars were obtained from countries thought likely to be the best sources of suitable germplasm. Hide, Password The National Agricultural Research Centre’s (NARC) Fodder Research Programme also introduced material from Western countries in the mid-1980s. Oats is … Oats (Avena sativa L. and Avena byzantina Koch) rank fifth (Dost, 1997) in terms of world production of cereals, and are widely used as a companion crop for undersowing forage legumes. (1998) evaluated oats, barley and wheat for forage yield and quality at nine growth stages at Islamabad during 1990-2. Special attention is given to the great success of oats in the Northern Areas[2] at altitudes from 1000 to 2300 m, to help overwinter stock that graze alpine pastures in summer. An FAO-assisted project in the early 1990s organized demonstrations and supported larger-scale multiplication of promising, well-tested forage cultivars. Many cultivars have been positively evaluated in winter up to alpine areas, around 2300 m. Feeding green oats to cows in winter increased milk yields by from 1 to 4 litres per day. Poor feed results in poor health and production. This coincides with optimum soil moisture for land cultivation and sowing of the following crop, and also allows small areas or peripheral lines on terraces to be saved for seed. Most farmers save most of their own seed from an initial supply from merchants. Considerable genotype × environment interaction has been noted across latitude, altitude, seasonal sequence and management regimes; this is poorly documented in Pakistan. Oat+vetch (Figure 6.3) and barley+vetch combinations produced on average 110 and 70 t ha-1 of green material, compared with 100 and 56 t ha-1 pure oat and barley stands, respectively, in the 1400 to 2000 m altitude band (Table 6.3). 725 produced taller plants, more tillers per plant, more leaves per unit leaf area, the highest forage yield, dry matter, and superior forage quality. Oats have proved to be an outstanding winter forage throughout Pakistan, particularly for the peri-urban dairies supplying the big cities, and in the high altitude temperate northern regions. A deep-rooted crop like lucerne can be mixed with shallow rooted ones like oats, rye, barley or a brassica; the annual is usually sown between the rows of perennial fodder. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council . TABLE 6.13Dry matter yields (t ha-1) of five oat cultivars and barley in 1996-97 at four sites in the Northern Areas, Pakistan, TABLE 6.14Green fodder yield, dry matter yield, crude protein contents crude fibre contents of different oat cultivars. It is safe to claim that oats have brought a winter forage green revolution in Pakistan. In all three crops, the highest dry matter yield was recorded at early dough stage. Key: (1) CS 1 = Repeated cutting at 4-leaf stage; CS 2 = Repeated cutting at tillering; CS 3 = Repeated cutting at jointing; CS 4 = Repeated cutting at boot stage; CS 5 = Harvesting once at head emergence; CS 6 = Harvesting once at 50% flowering; CS 7 = Harvesting once at 100% flowering; CS 8 = Harvesting once at early milk stage; CS 9 = Harvesting once at early dough stage.Source: Hussain et al., 1998. In both crops, crude protein content decreased with advancing maturity. Companies and dealers became a major means of oat seed bulking. Large ruminants, especially dairy buffaloes, are important, and are stall-fed on crop residues and fodder. Grains are long and amber in color. In the irrigated tracts, peri-urban forage production is commercial. Green oats are cut in Gilgit and Chilas when no other green feed is available. Leaf Blotch: Fungus establishes itself inter-cellular, tends to produce conidiophores which emerges through stomata and bears single terminal conidia. Due to genotype × environment interaction, it was not possible to recommend a single cultivar across all locations. Most farmers try to sow forage crops as early as possible to ensure early availability for livestock. Seeds are of medium size. New oat cultivars introduced to the Northern Areas have proved to be valuable since they grow much earlier and more vigorously than traditional winter cereals. Multiple cropping or mixed sowing techniques were tried. (1) CT1 = Cut for fodder 70 days after sowing and then for seed; CT2 = Cut for fodder 85 days after sowing and then for seed; CT3 = Cut for fodder 100 days after sowing and then for seed; CT4 = Cut for fodder 115 days after sowing and then for seed; CT5 = Cut at 50% flowering for fodder only; CT6 = No fodder cut but left for seed only; LSD = Least Significant Difference; P = Probability.Source: Dost et al., 1994. Kent: It is suitable for growing in all areas of India. It has slow early growth and light green color leaves. Low growing leguminous fodders, such as berseem and vetch, can be mixed with oats, ryegrass, brassicas, etc. Seed Rate: Seed rate of 25 kg is required for one acre land. Livestock have always been a very important part of the agricultural system in Pakistan, but lack of good quality fodder has been an ongoing major constraint on production. Oat grain is particularly valuable for horses, dairy cows, poultry, young and breeding animals. https://www.apnikheti.com/.../agriculture/crops/cereals/oats Hussain et al. Cultivation of Oat is similar as wheat crop. NARC, Islamabad, is responsible for introducing new varieties of forage crops in Pakistan and evaluates all introduced forage cultivars for forage and grain yield traits. The results are presented in Table 6.13. The methodology for introducing, screening, selecting, field testing and extending are described, along with the very necessary seed bulking and distribution. This includes the mountain and hill regions, such as the northern parts of North West Frontier Province (NWFP), the Northern Areas and parts of Balochistan. In dry seasons, peri-urban farms cannot meet the forage requirements of city dairies, so forage is transported from irrigated areas hundreds of kilometres away. In winter, dairies have to buy fodder in large quantities from distant, irrigated tracts. Please enter your email address. The highest seed yield (2.19 t ha-1) and gross income (Rs 12 380 ha-1) were obtained from PD2-LV 65 harvested only for seed (see Table 6.12).