Advantages Of Monoculture Farming Increased Productivity And Efficiency Monoculture planting maximizes the efficient use of soil and local climate conditions. 2. It also means the water resources will, in turn, be affected by the inorganic chemicals being pumped into the crops and soil by the farmers. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Overproduction of commodity crops 8. In Nicaragua, in particular, farmers cut down trees to make way for beans to grow. Since the emphasis is on one plant, acquiring adequate knowledge or expertise is also easy. The process also results in lower costs on the part of the farmer as well as excellent yields when the animals become mature. This also poses a threat to the environment for future generations. This puts all trees at high risk from pathogens and pest attacks, as well as environmentally unsuitable conditions. Also, the topsoil does not become replenished, mainly because of erosions. As a result, there are no different types of soil and microorganism pests due to a lack of diversity in crops, which enhances the soil biodiversity from insects and microbes. It produces more crops and more efficient crops. It is extensively used in the field of farming, but other than that, it is adopted in forestry too. Monocultures exclude all these functions due to the cultivation process or cultivation of only one type of crop or animal species. At the same time, he is trying to educate people about the environment and climate issues. In forests, monocultures refer to planting only one type of tree. Excessive use of these inorganic chemicals forces the organism to develop resistance to pesticides and synthetic herbs. Additionally, during harvest, monopoly ensures uniformity as it is easy to assemble the required parts of plants through simple techniques, which would be disastrous if the crop shared the same field with others. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! The animals, at the same time, would require the same fertilization mechanisms. This, in turn is not good for the bio-diversity of that entire region. It also includes tea, coffee, different types of fruits, and rubber trees. Because of diminishing soil fertility, farmers rely heavily on chemicals and technology to promote plant growth and production. A biological control is the function that a specific plant or animal species has in a particular environment, which helps keep population sizes in check. This is more effective and profitable for the farmer. A single bull widely used in monocultural farming might be a carrier of a gene mutation that could cause diseases. Cattle breeding in monochromatic cultures may lack basic features such as fertility, strength, and disease resistance. Monoculture results in less diversity of other species, this applies to both plants and animals. Experts are of the view that monoculture farming is more of a curse than boon, particularly after the Irish Potato Famine of 1845. Same species of trees are planted in a particular area. The form of agriculture is common for growing wheat, vegetables, barley or unique species of fruit in vast fields. By destroying forests, precipitation becomes contagious, then prolonged droughts, ultimately affecting the quality and quantity of the product. Even if the plants are harvested, the chemical remains in the soil. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. A good example of the monoculture is the cultivation of beans and corn throughout the growing season. Farmers just need to prepare the soil, and irrigate the land based on one crop. Since monoculture results in the topsoil cover being harvested all at the same time, the topsoil loses elements that could help it retain moisture. It helps to control other undesirable growth. Monoculture Definition: In agriculture, monoculture is a process in which one crop, one animal species, or one plant is genetically reared at one time. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Akshay is a garden enthusiast and agriculturist and loves nature. Without Monoculture, this ... Pests and Diseases. For monoculture farming, each plant goes through the same standardized planting, maintenance, and harvesting process. Founded Conserve Energy Future with the sole motto of providing helpful information related to our rapidly depleting environment. Banana cultivation in the United States, 6. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. According to its definition, other plants should not be planted. Harvesting becomes fairly easy as the desired parts of the plant can be easily assembled without damaging other plants, which would be very difficult in polyculture. It is common in large fields to grow wheat, vegetables, or single fruit varieties. Biological control gets affected when Monoculture is applied to a particular agricultural land. Water demanding 7. Better Earnings for Farmers and farming Optimisation, 4. Plants require multiple resources to thrive; however, if a crop is planted in the same field for extended periods, it limits its chance of taking advantage of other nutrients in the soil. High gross margin crops are market-driven, and it’s easy to market such crops. According to its definition, other plants should not be planted. Controlling pests and disease becomes relatively easy. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Contaminates the Soil and Groundwater. Of course, the soil contains nutrients and other functions. In the 1950s, most bananas found in the U.S. were grown as a single crop. Sorting, carrying, packing, and selling crops requires a certain amount of fossil energy. Due to major crop failure, farmers can suffer high losses, which in turn would contribute to total market loss. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. They leach through the ground and eventually pollute groundwater supplies and altering ecosystems that may be great distances away from the location of use. Mono breeding platforms are fully harvested. Many of these people die because they do not have genes that can prevent certain conditions. (And In Which Season), When To Cut Back Peonies? The plants specifically, use synthesized fertilizers, reducing the amount of additional land needed to produce food. Secondly, since they are all the same size, they have limited openings and are therefore more prone to wildfires. We all need different environment to survive; likewise, animals continuously living in one environment will lack the feel of a natural habitat.