The wings of the building have been renewed, built upon and restored many times. The weather in Klotzsche is 1 to 3 °C (1.8 to 5.4 °F) colder than in the inner city at 112 metres above sea level. In 1806, Dresden became the capital of the Kingdom of Saxony established by Napoleon. Dresden is one of Germany's 16 political centres and the capital of Saxony. In 1990 Dresden had to struggle with the economic collapse of the Soviet Union and the other export markets in Eastern Europe. It is not surprising that there are numerous special points around the city, where everyone can rent an iron horse and go to a cycling. [25] Being the capital of the German state of Saxony, Dresden not only had garrisons but a whole military borough, the Albertstadt. Among other things, the statement calls on strengthening democracy, protecting human rights and raising spending on (political) education. [73], The Zwinger Palace is across the road from the castle. The city still bears many wounds from the bombing raids of 1945, but it has undergone significant reconstruction in recent decades. [21][22] Non-Jews were also targeted, and over 1,300 people were executed by the Nazis at the Münchner Platz, a courthouse in Dresden, including labour leaders, undesirables, resistance fighters and anyone caught listening to foreign radio broadcasts. Between 1918 and 1934, Dresden was the capital of the first Free State of Saxony as well as a cultural and economic centre of the Weimar Republic. On 3 October 1989 (the so-called "battle of Dresden"), a convoy of trains carrying East German refugees from Prague passed through Dresden on its way to the Federal Republic of Germany. [citation needed] The uprising forced Frederick Augustus II of Saxony to flee from Dresden, but he soon after regained control over the city with the help of Prussia. Travelling to Dresden, Germany? The summers are warm, averaging 19.0 °C (66.2 °F) in July. The name of the city as well as the names of most of its boroughs and rivers are of Slavic origin. [citation needed] Dresden still has a shortage of corporate headquarters. [citation needed] This military complex, named after Saxon King Albert, was not specifically targeted in the bombing of Dresden, though it was within the expected area of destruction and was extensively damaged. The Dresden State Operetta is the only independent operetta in Germany. Libeskind changed the whole structure of the Bundeswehr Military History Museum by placing a wedge through the historical arsenal building. The A13 and the A17 are on the European route E55. The economy of Dresden and its agglomeration is one of the most dynamic in Germany and ranks first in Saxony. Until the outbreak of World War I, Hellerau was a centre for European modernism with international standing. Rüdiger Nern, Erich Sachße, Bert Wawrzinek. Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf is the largest complex of research facilities in Dresden, a short distance outside the urban areas. These include the Zwinger Royal Palace, the Japanese Palace, the Taschenbergpalais, the Pillnitz Castle and the two landmark churches: the Catholic Hofkirche and the Lutheran Frauenkirche. [18] It had a capacity of up to 20,000 military personnel at the beginning of the First World War. About Dresden: The Facts: State: Saxony. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in November. Another settlement existed on the northern bank, but its Slavic name is unknown. The city has struggled with migration and suburbanisation. The pharmaceutical sector developed at the end of the 19th century. It includes the Dresden Zoo and the Dresden Botanical Garden. Between 2000 and 2010, the population grew quickly by more than 45,000 inhabitants (about 9.5%) due to a stabilised economy and re-urbanisation. Almost every month, colourful fairs where you can buy the most popular national treats are held here. In the following years, the city became a major centre of economy, including motor car production, food processing, banking and the manufacture of medical equipment. Founded as a one-day market in 1434, it is considered the first genuine Christmas market in the world.[89]. [51] As of 31 December 2018[update] there were 67,841 people with a migration background (12.1% of the population, increased from 7.2% in 2010), and about two thirds of these, 44,665 or about 8.0% of all Dresden citizens were foreigners. [102] In March 2001, a new terminal building was opened along with the underground S-Bahn station Dresden Flughafen, a multi-storey car park and a new aircraft handling ramp. The bomb damage diagrams are aerial photographs of Berlin, Cologne and Dresden, overlaid with coloured areas indicating how much damage was caused by … [63] Starting in October 2014, PEGIDA, a nationalistic political movement based in Dresden has been organizing weekly demonstrations against what it perceives as the Islamization of Europe at the height of the European migrant crisis. It is a boys' choir drawn from pupils of the Kreuzschule, and was founded in the 13th century. When Germany united, it was decided to give Dresden its … Open . Many of the city's important historic buildings were reconstructed, including the Semper Opera House and the Zwinger Palace, although the city leaders chose to rebuild large areas of the city in a "socialist modern" style, partly for economic reasons, but also to break away from the city's past as the royal capital of Saxony and a stronghold of the German bourgeoisie. [119] The Sächsisches Landesgymnasium für Musik with a focus on music is supported, as its name implies by the State of Saxony, rather than by the city. [30] In remembrance of the victims, the anniversaries of the bombing of Dresden are marked with peace demonstrations, devotions and marches. [113], Dresden hosts many research institutes, some of which have gained an international standing. [50] As of 2007[update] the mean age of the population was 43 years, which is the lowest among the urban districts in Saxony. Česká republika Deutschland United States España France Italia Nederland Polska Brasil Россия 中国 Dresden Printable Tourist Map . [55], The city council is the legislative branch of the city government. As the capital of the Kingdom of Saxony, Dresden became part of the newly founded German Empire in 1871. The Dresden Frauenkirche is a Lutheran church in Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony. During the German Democratic Republic, many apartment blocks were built. The areas around the square have been divided into 8 "quarters", with each being rebuilt as a separate project, the majority of buildings to be rebuilt either to the original structure or at least with a facade similar to the original. It ranks at number 41 of all 401 German regions and second of all regions in former East Germany (only surpassed by Jena). Dresden is the capital city of the German state of Saxony and its second most populous city, after Leipzig. The Leibniz Institute for Polymer Research[117] and the Leibniz Institute for Solid State and Materials Research[118] are both in the material and high-technology domain, while the Leibniz Institute for Ecological and Regional Development is focused on more fundamental research into urban planning. [86] The Herkuleskeule (Hercules club) is an important site in German-speaking political cabaret. Performances include dance and music. Notable examples of Renaissance Revival architecture in Dresden include the Albertinum located at Brühl's Terrace as well as the Saxon State Chancellery and the Saxon State Ministery of Finance located on the northern Elbe river banks. [23] The bombing stopped prisoners who were busy digging a large hole into which an additional 4,000 prisoners were to be disposed of. [citation needed], Like many cities in Germany, Dresden is also home to a local court, has a trade corporation and a Chamber of Industry and Trade and many subsidiaries of federal agencies (such as the Federal Labour Office or the Federal Agency for Technical Relief). Following the Polish uprisings of 1831, 1848 and 1863 many Poles fled to Dresden, among others composer Frédéric Chopin. at the Altmarkt. According to Libeskind's studio, "[t]he façade’s openness and transparency is intended to contrast with the opacity and rigidity of the existing building."[82]. Other universities include the Hochschule für Kirchenmusik, a school specialising in church music, and the Evangelische Hochschule für Sozialarbeit, an education institution for social work. In 1852, the population of Dresden grew to 100,000 inhabitants, making it one of the biggest cities within the German Confederation.