It can happen frequently within as little as half an hour. The reaction of magnesium carbonate with the free alkali hydroxides present in the cement porewater also leads to the formation of expansive brucite. Magnesia is valuable because it is both a poor electrical conductor and an excellent thermal conductor. OTHER NAME(S): Magnesium Hydroxide Suspension. If you have any questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. [5] Magnesium hydroxide is a common component of antacids, such as milk of magnesia, as well as laxatives. Did you or will you purchase this product in-store or online? Magnesium hydroxide may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? In addition to photosynthesis, it is also required for the oxidation in animal cells that produce energy and for the production of healthy red blood cells. It is used as an antacid to neutralize excess stomach acid. Brucite, the mineral form of Mg(OH)2 commonly found in nature also occurs in the 1:2:1 clay minerals amongst others, in chlorite, in which it occupies the interlayer position normally filled by monovalent and divalent cations such as Na+, K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+. Magnesium hydroxide acts to ‘flush’ the contents out by extracting water from the tissue around the intestine. Overdose symptoms may include severe diarrhea, muscle weakness, shortness of breath, and little or no urination. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "af75fb787e40a67d74caccbc96ee7cf8" );document.getElementById("d0b937b5c2").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Large doses in pregnancy may lead to serious fluid and electrolyte imbalance. This copyrighted material has been downloaded from a licensed data provider and is not for distribution, except as may be authorized by the applicable terms of use. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about how long you should wait between doses and for help finding a dosing schedule that will work with all your medications. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about lifestyle changes that might benefit you. All rights reserved. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using. Required fields are marked *, Frequently Asked Questions on Milk of Magnesia. Large doses in pregnancy may lead to serious fluid and electrolyte imbalance. This was so successful (advertised in Australia and approved by the Royal College of Surgeons in 1838)[11] that he was appointed resident physician to Anglesey and two subsequent Lords Lieutenant, and knighted. Fluid accumulation produces distension, which promotes bowel evacuation. Magnesium Hydroxide uses for Construction. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. Onset of action is 30 minutes to 3 hours after administration. In the UK, the non-brand (generic) name of "Milk of Magnesia" and "Phillips' Milk of Magnesia" is "Cream of Magnesia" (Magnesium Hydroxide Mixture, BP). Ask a doctor before using this medicine if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. Magnesium is used for constipation and bowel evacuation prior to certain procedures. Call your doctor if the condition you are treating with magnesium hydroxide does not improve, or if it gets worse while using this medicine. A suspension of magnesium hydroxide in water is called milk of magnesia. [7], Only a small amount of the magnesium from magnesium hydroxide is usually absorbed by the intestine (unless one is deficient in magnesium). Magnesia milk usually works the first time you are taking it. It occurs in nature as the mineral brucite. Magnesia Milk is a brand name for magnesium hydroxide, a drug used in the treatment of constipation. Magnesia milk usually works the first time you are taking it. Furthermore, Mg2+ ions cause the release of cholecystokinin (CCK), which results in intraluminal accumulation of water, electrolytes, and increased intestinal motility. Some products that may interact with this drug include: raltegravir, sodium polystyrene sulfonate. Magnesia milk can be used as an antacid, too. Skip any missed dose if it's almost time for your next dose. Onset of action is 30 minutes to 3 hours after administration. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. In large animals it is used as an antacid and mild cathartic. [19] Magnesium hydroxide is useful against canker sores (aphthous ulcer) when used topically.[20]. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Some sources claim that the hydroxide ions themselves do not play a significant role in the laxative effects of milk of magnesia, as basic solutions (i.e., solutions of hydroxide ions) are not strongly laxative, and non-basic Mg2+ solutions, like MgSO4, are equally strong laxatives, mole for mole. [22] Like aluminium hydroxide, solid magnesium hydroxide has smoke suppressing and flame retardant properties. Do not use two doses at one time.