Valla also enjoyed the favour of Pope Calixtus III. Vol. He appears, however, as a vain, jealous and quarrelsome man, but he combined the qualities of an elegant humanist, an acute critic and a venomous writer, who had committed himself to a violent polemic against the temporal power of Rome. By this time Valla had won a high reputation for two works: his dialogue De Voluptate, and his treatise De Elegantiis Latinae Linguae. Poggio's invectives could not but create a bad impression at Rome; as Valla still hoped to obtain a position in the Curia, he wrote an "Apologia ad Eugenio IV", excusing himself for his faults and promising amendment. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 1993. Erasmus stated in his De ratione studii that for Latin Grammar, there was "no better guide than Lorenzo Valla.". Opera omnia, Basel 1540; reprinted with a second volume (Turin: Bottega d'Erasmo, 1962). Travaux d’humanisme et Renaissance 314. Like Mancini 1891, an older biography, shorter but still worth consulting. . World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Valla was motivated to reveal the "Donation of Constantine" as a fraud by his employer of the time, Alfonso of Aragon, who was involved in a territorial conflict with the Papal States, then under Pope Eugene IV. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York. Er stammte aus Rom, studierte bei Humanisten wie Leonardo Bruni und erwarb sich… …   Universal-Lexikon, Valla — may refer to:Places*Valla, an uninhabited island of the Maldives. империи, на самом деле составленной в… …   Биографический словарь, Лоренцо Валла (Lorenzo Valla) — (1405 или 1407—1457), итальянский гуманист. In this he demonstrated that the document known as the Constitutum Constantini (or "donatio Constantini" as he refers to it in his writings), or the Donation of Constantine, could not possibly have been written in the historical era of Constantine I (4th Century), as its vernacular style dated conclusively to a later era (8th Century).          Political / Social. It was not formally published until 1517. Valla was motivated to reveal the Donation of Constantine as a fraud by his patron of the time, Alfonso V of Aragon, who was involved in a territorial conflict with the Papal States, then under Pope Eugene IV. As a result, humanistic Latin sought to purge itself of post-Classical words and features, and became stylistically very different from the Christian Latin of the European Middle Ages. [1] His family was from Piacenza; his father, Luciave della Valla, was a lawyer who worked at the papal court. Valla's originality, critical acumen, and knowledge of classical Latin style were put to good use in an essay he wrote between 1439 and 1440, De falso credita et ementita Constantini Donatione declamatio. Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002. 151–265) that discusses Valla’s early life, his place in the history of Italian humanism, his tendencies toward polemic, his moral philosophy, and his methods of historical analysis. Valla's case was so convincingly argued that it still stands today, and the illegitimacy of the "Donation of Constantine" is generally conceded. Here for the first time in the Renaissance the ideas of Epicurus found deliberate and positive expression in a work of scholarly and philosophical value. имп. Kristeller, Paul Oskar. It was not formally published until 1517. Valla's originality, critical acumen, and knowledge of classical Latin style were put to good use in an essay he wrote between 1439 and 1440, "De falso credita et ementita Constantini Donatione declamatio". He was not, however, silenced; he ridiculed the Latin of the Vulgate and accused St Augustine of heresy. Valla did not expose the donation out of any hatred of Christianity however. 1405 und 1407 in Rom; † 1. De Elegantiis was no less original, although in a different sphere of thought. *Melissa Meriam Bullard, "The Renaissance Project of Knowing: Lorenzo Valla and Salvatore Camporeale's Contributions to the Querelle Between Rhetoric and Philosophy," "Journal of the History of Ideas" 66.4 (2005): 477-81. [4] The emendation of Livy was also a topic discussed in book IV of his Antidotum in Facium, an invective against Bartolomeo Facio. [1] His family was from Piacenza; his father, Luciave della Valla, was a lawyer who worked at the papal court. In this Leonardo Bruni (Arentino) defends the Stoic doctrine that a life conformed to nature is the summum bonum; Antonio Beccadelli (Panormita) strongly favours Epicureanism, declaring that the desire of pleasure is to be restrained only lest it might be an obstacle to a greater pleasure and that continence is contrary to nature; finally, Niccolo Niccoli speaks against both in favour of Christian hedonism, holding that perpetual happiness is the summum bonum, and that virtue is practised only as a means of obtaining it. But it was only after the election of Nicholas V that he found favour (1448), obtaining first the position of scriptor, and later of Apostolic secretary. *Lisa Jardine, "Lorenzo Valla and the Intellectual Origins of Humanist Dialectic," "Journal of the History of Philosophy" 15 (1977): 143-64. He made countless suggestions for better readings in his manuscript of Livy's Ab urbe condita, which, in the previous century, had belonged to Petrarch, who, likewise had inserted emendations. He appears, however, as a vain, jealous and quarrelsome man, but he combined the qualities of an elegant humanist, an acute critic and a venomous writer, who had committed himself to a violent polemic against the temporal power of Rome. Valla was born in Rome. One of Valla's most remarkable achievements lay in his emendations of Latin texts. Authors, Latin, Medieval and modern -- Italy -- Correspondence. It was a basis for the movement of the Humanists to reform Latin prose style to a more classical and Ciceronian direction on a scientific basis. of Class. It became popular among Protestants. This was thought to be a major improvement in style and elegance in Latin usage. The essay began circulating in 1440, but was heavily rejected by the Church. Доказал подложность «Константинова дара» — грамоты римского императора Константина I папе Сильвестру I о передаче ему верховной власти над Западной частью Римской империи, на самом деле… …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь, VALLA (L.) — En ces temps de faveur renouvelée pour le nominalisme et la critique des universaux, il est bon d’aller demander à Lorenzo Valla, un maître de l’humanisme italien, comment la culture de la péninsule est parvenue, dès la première moitié du XVe… …   Encyclopédie Universelle, Valla und Ficino: Antike Quellen aus neuer Sicht —   Lorenzo Valla ist der Denker, an dem man die Frage der Renaissance nach der Würde und der Wahrheit aus der Sicht des Menschen besonders deutlich gestellt findet.