Liquid nitrogen boils at -195.8 degrees Celsius. The human body contains 3% by weight of nitrogen. Read interesting facts about the nitrogen atom, liquid nitrogen, nitrous oxide, nitric acid, nitroglycerin and much more. Nitrogen is in the air we breathe and in fact, comprises 78.1% of the Earth’s air. [10], 25. [18], 13. The ingredient is most commonly known for its presence in laughing gas and is responsible for several … It's estimated to be the 5th or 7th most abundant … Its atomic weight is 14.0067. Ammonia (N3) a compound of nitrogen is commonly used in fertilizers. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. The atmosphere of Saturn’s moon Titan is made out of nitrogen to a large extent (almost 98%). The nitrogen cycle is one of the most important processes in nature for living organisms. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless gas that is the most plentiful element in Earth’s atmosphere and is a constituent of all living matter. Its atomic number is 7 and it is denoted by the symbol ‘N’ in the periodic table. Nitrogen is found naturally in the body to aid in the creation of amino acids and proteins. Nitrogen is denoted by the symbol ‘œN’ and has an atomic number of 7. The Nitrogen present in our Universe was actually ‘made’. Here are some quick facts and detailed information about this crucially important element. Nitrogen is the fourth most abundant element you can find in the human body at 3.2 percent. It is used widely as an anesthetic in both dental and medical applications. [1], 10. Nitrogen, nonmetallic element of Group 15 [Va] of the periodic table. Nitrogen gas is used in food storage to keep packaged or bulk foods fresh. N 2 is nothing but Nitrogen Gas. It is the fourth most abundant element in the human body. Nitrogen facts: 1. Thus, the credit for the discovery of the element is generally given to him. Interesting Facts. Nitrogen is commercially produced by the fractional distillation of air. Read interesting facts about the nitrogen atom, liquid nitrogen, nitrous oxide, nitric acid, nitroglycerin and much more. Liquid nitrogen is so cold that it can even cause frostbite when it comes in contact with living tissue. The dielectric constant of liquid nitrogen is measured at 1.43. Despite needing oxygen for us to survive, oxygen is not considered the most abundant gas in the universe. Nitrogen gas is inert. Nitrogen is the most common uncombined element on earth. Interesting Facts about Nitrogen. In fact, it is the fourth most abundant element (after oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen) in the human body by mass. Nitrogen is present in all living things, including the human body and plants. [15], 15. Nitrogen is the fourth most abundant element you can find in the human body at 3.2 percent. [4], 19. Interesting Nitrogen Facts: Nitrogen is believed to be the seventh most abundant element in the universe. You breathe oxygen, yet the air we inhale is mostly nitrogen. Comparatively, oxygen comprises approximately 21% of the earth’s atmosphere. [19], 12. Learn that capital punishment (death penalty) is still practiced in the state. Nitrogen which is a non-metal was named nitrogen by a French Chemist Jean-Antoine-Claude Chaptal in 1790. Nitrogen Fact 1 – How Much Nitrogen is in You? It is rather present in form of N 2. Nitrogen is an odorless, colorless and tasteless inert gas. 21. It is also used as a food preservative. Nitrogen has a valence of 3 or 5. [11], 26. Nitrogen is also present in the human body. The nitrogen compound nitroglycerin can be used for relief of angina, a life threatening heart condition. [5], 21. Scottish chemist Daniel Rutherford isolated nitrogen for the first time in 1772. The liquid, which has a tremendously low temperature, is elaborated on Facts about Liquid Nitrogen. Leave a Comment. It's the most common uncombined (pure) element on Earth. Appearance: Nitrogen is an odorless, flavorless, transparent gas under ordinary temperatures and pressure. The reaction of nitrogen with hydrogen resulting in ammonia is known as Haber Process. The liquid form of the element is used to remove warts, as a computer coolant, and for cryogenics. Did you know that Nitrogen is found is stars, animals, plants and even in our own DNA? [17], 14. Under normal conditions, nitrogen is a colorless, odorless and tasteless gas. You need nitrogen to live and encounter it in the foods you eat and in many common chemicals. Some of the interesting fact about this element are: Fact 1: Nitrogen is colorless, tasteless, and odorless. Nitrogen Facts: 1-5 | Discovery and Naming 1. [13,14], 16. Under normal conditions nitrogen is a colorless, odorless and tasteless gas. Many of the molecules of life contain nitrogen. Rutherford removed oxygen and carbon dioxide from the air and showed that the remaining gas in the air would not support combustion or living organisms. Nitrogen was discovered in 1772 by chemist and physician Daniel Rutherford, when he removed oxygen and carbon dioxide from air, demonstrating that the residual gas would not support living organisms or combustion, according to the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Facts: N has no odor, is tasteless, and colorless. 22. Almost all (99%) of the nitrogen in the universe is nitrogen-14. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. The chemist realized that the gas was a part of a chemical compound then called niter, which we now refer to as potassium nitrate. Oxygen bolsters combustion. Fact 2: Earth’s atmosphere contains 78.1% by volume of nitrogen gas. There are many steps in the nitrogen cycle including fixation, nitrification, assimilation, ammonification, and denitrification. Some soil bacteria can 'fix' nitrogen into a form that plants and animals can use to make amino acids and proteins. Its element symbol is N. Nitrogen is odorless, tasteless, and colorless gas at room temperature and pressure. Nitrogen makes up around 78% of the air you breathe. ). Read interesting facts about the nitrogen atom, liquid nitrogen, nitrous oxide, nitric acid, nitroglycerin and much more. Nitrogen Fact 1 – How Much Nitrogen is in You? Nitrogen is the fourth most abundant element in the human body by mass. Nitrogen is present in all living things, including the human body and plants. Decompression sickness, commonly known as "the bends", occurs when reduced pressure causing nitrogen gas bubbles to form in the bloodstream and organs. Learn more informative facts about nitrogen. 2. Nitrogen gas is used as a nonflammable protective atmosphere. [2,7], 3. [2], 4. 26. John Mayow – an English physician first first demonstrated that air is made up of different components. One way to prepare nitrogen gas is by liquefaction and. The triple bond nitrogen forms with other nitrogen atoms is extremely strong and releases considerable energy when broken, which is why it is so valuable in explosives and also "strong" materials such as Kevlar and cyanoacrylate glue ("super glue"). CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. [6], 22. Nitrogen is responsible for the orange-red, blue-green, blue-violet, and deep violet colors of the aurora. It forms negatively charged ions (anions) that readily react with other nonmetals to form covalent bonds. It is a heart ailment and can be life-threatening. Nitrogen is a chemical element with atomic number seven and atomic weight 14. Its symbol is N. With these facts about nitrogen, let us learn about its chemistry, physical properties, atomic mass, and much more. Two-thirds of the human body mass is oxygen. [2], 2. Nitrogen is not a metal, but is found in plants and animals. Get other interesting facts about liquid nitrogen … Nitrogen has two stable isotopes: nitrogen-14 and nitrogen-15. Fact 3: Nitrogen gas has a melting point of -346° F and a boiling point of -320.4° F. Dr. Helmenstine holds a Ph.D. in biomedical sciences and is a science writer, educator, and consultant.