[2] It was founded in 1925 by S. Ramanathan[3] who invited E. V. Ramasamy (also called as Periyar by his devoted followers) to head the movement in Tamil Nadu, India against Brahminism. He described the movement as Arivu Vidutalai Iyakkam, that is, a movement to liberate the intellect. A number of political parties in Tamil Nadu, such as Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) and All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) owe their origins to the Self-respect movement,[4] the latter a 1972 breakaway from the DMK. Self-respect definition: Self-respect is a feeling of confidence and pride in your own ability and worth . Women included former prostitutes, former devadasis, wage labourers, doctors and teachers. For example, the anti-Hindi agitations of 1930s were heavily represented by women of the movement. You don't love yourself, much less care for yourself. It was argued by the proponents of self-respect marriage that the then conventional marriages were officiated by Brahmins, who had to be paid for and also the marriage ceremony was in Sanskrit which most people did not understand, and hence were rituals and practices based on blind adherence.[21]. You go out of your way for people who don't do sh*t for you. The Self-Respect Movement is a South Asian movement with the aim of achieving a society where backward castes have equal human rights, and encouraging backward castes to have self-respect in the context of a caste-based society that considered them to be a lower end of the hierarchy. 20, No. [28] Women were given the right to choose partners as well as divorce them and remarry. Among Singapore Indians, groups like the Tamil Reform Association, and leaders such as Thamizhavel G. Sarangapani were prominent in promoting the principles of the Self-Respect Movement among the local Tamil population through schools and publications. Tamil words for respect include மரியாதை, கண்ணியம், மதிப்ப, மரியாதையை and மரியாதை செய். One of the major sociological changes introduced through the self-respect movement was the self-respect marriage system, whereby marriages were conducted without being officiated by a Brahmin priest. The difference between self-respect and self-esteem Self-esteem is knowing you can conduct yourself confidently in every situation. Due to the prevalent practice of child marriage and very poor health facilities, there were a high number of widows in then society. On 11 September 1938 in Madras, several women including Ramamritham Ammaiyar, Narayani Ammaiyar, Va. Ba. [8], Periyar observed that political freedom as conceived by nationalists such as Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru and others did not cover individual self-respect. Thus, he opted to engage himself in starting and promoting the movement. Outwardly, you are … For reprint rights: Times Syndication Service", Three killed, 12 injured as private bus rams roadways bus in Mainpuri, With Instant savings account, interactive app, credit card and more, ICICI Bank ‘Mine’ is a complete banking package for millennials, Kerala FM K M Mani on his way out, CM to seek resignation, Live: Form task force at district level for Covid vaccine, PM Modi tells CMs, Cyclone 'Nivar' live: 30 NDRF teams deployed across AP, TN. Periyar, in regard to a DK member's attempt to assassinate Rajagopalachari, "expressed his abhorrence of violence as a means of settling political differences". This was the first file signed by CM Annadurai when the DMK gained power in the 1967 Madras assembly elections. Annai Meenambal was the person who first gave E.V. Working on the theme of liberating the society from the baneful social practices perpetrated in the name of dharma and karma, Periyar developed the idea of establishing this movement as the instrument for achieving his objective. This was officially announced in the gazette on 20 January 1968. [9], The terms tan-maanam or suya mariyadai meaning 'self-respect' are traceable in ancient Tamil literature considered a virtue of high valor in Tamil society. The law was passed by the Tamil Nadu assembly on 27 November 1967, and was approved by the President on 17 January 1968. Ramasamy, the title "Periyar" meaning the elder or wise one[33] and Veerammal is said to have provoked Periyar to think more critically about how the movement could do better not just for non-Brahmin castes, but also for Dalits and Adivasis.[35]. In 1920, when the Justice Party came to power, Brahmins occupied about 70 percent[13][14] of the high level posts in the government. [10], Periyar was an advocate of anti-Brahmanism. Reddy at the First Self-Respect Conference held in 1929, explained the significance of self-respect and its principles. To me, self-respect is that deeper, inner feeling we have about ourselves. The main principles of the Self-Respect Movement in society were to be: no kind of inequality among people; no difference such as rich and poor in economic life; men and women to be treated as equals in every respect without differences; attachments to caste, religion, varna, and country to be eradicated from society with a prevalent friendship and unity around the world; with every human being seeking to act according to reason, understanding, desire, and perspective, and shall not be subject to slavery of any kind or manner. Annadurai sent the rule draft to Periyar and at his suggestion changed "and" to "or" in the law text which made the thaali/mangalsutra optional in marriages. Periyar had regarded the then conventional marriages as mere financial arrangements and often caused great debt through dowry. The number of inter-caste and inter-religious marriages has increased in the state as a result of the self-respect movement. [6], Periyar did not expect personal or material gain out of this movement. Despite BJP push for power sharing, AIADMK says no to coalition govt, Democracy and diversity return to US capital as Trump folds. self-respect - tamil meaning of தன்மானம் சுயமரியாதை. 283–297, Same-sex marriage (laws and issues prohibiting), Anti-cultural, anti-national, and anti-ethnic terms, "Questioning Periyar Is Necessary for Forging a Progressive Anti-Caste Politics", "Dalit's murder: In Tamil Nadu, caste is above God, 'honour' above life", Revolutionary family life and the Self Respect movement in Tamil south India, 1926–49, Suyamariyadhai Thirumana Sellubadi Sattam Muzhu Verriya, "Chennai couples caste away barriers – Times of India", "Women's Participation in the Dravidian Movement, 1935–1945", "Kalachuvadu | தலித் கல்வி வரலாறு:தங்கை வீரம்மாளும் தமையன் வீராசாமியும்", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Self-Respect_Movement&oldid=990238324#Self-Respect_marriages, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 16:08.