Let’s get started by looking at how to form imperatives with regular and irregular -ER verbs. Do you take part in all our meetings? For... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. - Give him some! I get off of the plane. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Quick tip! We’ll map your knowledge and give you free lessons to focus on your Ouvre la fe… Be sure to go through your Brainscape flashcards and see what sorts of imperatives you can come up with. Find out about the different forms of imperative verbs and what they convey with BBC Bitesize GCSE French. "Now look at these sentences in L'Impératif Présent: In French, L'Impératif has three main characteristics: Note that for all verbs ending in -ER (including aller), the -s is dropped at the end of the tu form.The other forms (nous and vous) are regular. answer! Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. In order to form the imperative, keep the present tense tu, vous, or nous form of the verb exactly the same and just drop the subject pronoun. The imperative is conjugated in the same way as the present tense, but the subject pronouns are omitted. → Dis-leur ce que tu m’as dit! INTRODUCTION: In the past several lessons, we have dedicated some time to learning how to construct more complex thoughts in French as well as how to express different verbal tenses. For more regular and irregular -IR and -RE verbs, things do not get any more complicated. Pronouns will always follow the verb in the affirmative imperative case. Allons à la plage! Take the pen! ( Log Out /  The imperative is the command form; it's when we tell or ask somebody to do something. There is also a form of the imperative that corresponds to nous. They are connected to the verb with a hyphen. Before beginning this lesson, it might be a good idea to review the present tense, introduced in Lesson 2, if you have not mastered it yet. In order to transform a declarative sentence into an imperative one, we need to omit the subject and take the present tense form of the verb. Whisk the eggs. However, if you want to travel “by plane,” then you would have to say voyager en avion. NE rentrez PAS dans une conversation politique avancée pour dire que vous “savez uniquement que Sarkozy a une jolie femme”. vendez! After you’ve finished this lesson, be sure to go back to our “do’s and don’ts” list for those looking to pass as real Parisians. (e.g. - Don't read it to me! By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, -IR and -RE Verbs Imperative Mood Conjugations, How to Conjugate the French Stem-Changing Verb 'Épeler', Basics of French Word Order with Inversion, Personal Pronouns: French Grammar and Pronunciation Glossary, How to Conjugate the French Verb 'Dire' (to Say), Conjugate the Irregular French Verb Boire (to Drink), Conjugating the Regular French Verb 'Aimer' ('to Like, Love'), Learn to Conjugate the French Irregular Verb Lire (to Read), How to Use the French Verb Vivre (to Live). Ne vous habillez pas trop chic pour sortir en boîte ou pour un rencard. par le train). If you need some added motivation, you could always pretend that you’re ordering someone around! L'Impératif - the Imperative mood - is used to express commands, instructions and advice. Savoir : Sache → Sachez → Sachons. How do French people convert a declarative sentence into an When you think about the number of times you do these things within a single day, you’ll soon come to realize why the imperative mood is so important in our daily lives. Ne rigolez pas avec ce “Roh Roh Roh” que votre cerveau attribue inexpliquablement aux français. → N’essaie pas de finir tes devoirs! These correspond to tu and vous. Instead, replace the firstname by the corresponding pronoun and keep A simple explanation of "Forming simple negative commands (L'Impératif)". let’s sell! Previous; Next; This chapter will teach you how to make a question in French. Finally, before you take a look at our list of Parisian “do’s and don’ts”, we should spend some time studying how to talk about getting from one place to another. Note: a dash must be included between the verb and the subject. - Don't finish!Ne le finis pas! Let's get the examples we used in the previous pages: ©1999-2020 BRIOW All rights reserved. 1 Using the imperative. Also note that en avion becomes par avion whenever you are referring to the method of transportation that was used specifically to mail a package — un colis envoyé par avion — or a letter — une lettre envoyée par avion. In this lesson, we will move away from some of these tenses and focus instead on a new grammatical mood: the imperative.. Refer to this table whenever you want to describe to someone the means by which you are traveling. Let's get the examples we used in the previous pages: Tu participes à toutes nos réunions. Prenez ce couteau et cette fourchette, et prétendez que le goût est le même. Start your Braimap today ». Therefore, reflexive and object pronouns would revert to their standard positions before the verb. Note: You can't say : If we are giving someone an order, we simply drop the second-person subject pronoun of a particular verb. gaps and mistakes. FINIR – to finish finis! And the more advanced: Using "y" with affirmative commands (L'Impératif) Using "en" with affirmative commands (L'Impératif), Want to make sure your French sounds confident? Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. ( Log Out /  - Let's go!Mangez-les! Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Take the first-person plural (vous) form of any -ER verb in the present tense and drop the subject pronoun. This lesson will go into detail about how to form and use the imperative. Mélanger. How to make interrogative sentences in French? - Don't read it!Ne me le lisez pas! INTRODUCTION: In the past several lessons, we have dedicated some time to learning how to construct more complex thoughts in French as well as how to express different verbal tenses. Il joue au football ? For instance, if you want to tell someone that you hope to travel “by train,” you can say voyager en train or par le train. 11. ; Like in English, the subject pronoun is dropped in L'Impératif. Faites comme si vous les adoriez, ça passe toujours mieux ! Notice that in French there are two subject pronouns that mean "you": tu in informal contexts, and vous in formal situations or when talking to two or more people. (Mais préparez-vous à en recevoir autant.). (e.g. As in English, the imperative in French is used to give commands, instructions or advice, but also to make requests or invitations.