Varieties listed under each bold heading are not compatible with other varieties in the same group. 9/08/2020 1.55 1.44 7.64 . Price History for California Inshell Almonds. Neplus Ultra. Sonora harvests right after the Nonpareil group. Almond Rootstocks - comparison table for DWN almond rootstocks includes anchorage and relative tolerances to common soil-borne pests. Sonora, an early pollenizer for Nonpareil, produces a valuable nut but in some years has had disappointing yield if it bloomed too early to effectively cross pollinate with Nonpareil. The tree is slightly smaller in size thank Nonpareil. For the past 30 years almonds planting have alternating rows of a single variety. Monterey is harvested late in the harvest season, sometimes as much as 5-6 weeks after Nonpareil, roughly with Mission. Adapted from “Almond varieties” by Joseph Connell, UCCE Farm Advisor, Butte County, in the April 2013 Sacramento Valley Almond News. Early flowering. Thus, use of this variety as a Nonpareil pollenizer is decreasing. The tree is susceptible to blossom brown rot and is especially susceptible to scab. 3364, 1996, Home | About | Contact Department of Plant Sciences | UC Davis | College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, Nitrogen Prediction Models for Almond & Pistachio, Harvest Prediction Model for Peaches, Plums and Nectarines, The Walnut Genomics Implementation Group (WGIG), Walnut Scion & Rootstock Improvement Working Group, Fruit & Nut Research & Information Center, College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, © 2020 Regents of the University of California. Source: Almond Production Manual, W. Micke, Ed., ANR Pub. Proper almond variety selection can mean the difference between the commercial success or failure of an orchard. The late harvest date makes Fritz a very risky option for planting in the Sacramento Valley. The numbers in the column heads indicate the days before (-) or after (+) peak Nonpariel bloom. The nut is long and the shell softer than most other almonds. For a copy of the printed version ... Almond Variety & Rootstock Field Guide. There are far more choices to select from when choosing a later blooming variety for Nonpareil pollination. Nut maturity expressed as when the variety reaches 100% hull split and categorized by the number of days before or after 100% hull split on Nonpareil. The numbers in the column heads indicate the days before (-) or after (+) peak Nonpariel bloom. Nonpareil is the most widely planted almond variety in California due to the quality of the nut; it commands top position in the market. Nonpareil. 7/06/2020 1.50 1.52-1.32 . Bud failure in 2nd through 5th leaf has the greatest impact on productivity. … Winters blooms between Sonora and Aldrich, roughly 3 days ahead of Nonpareil and has an extended bloom that covers Nonpareil well. It’s an old variety but until expansion of the in-shell market it was not planted much due to its high percentage of double kernels which reduced the quality and value of this nut depending on the processor. All trees are on ‘Lovell’ peach seedling rootstock. Varieties vary significantly in rootstock compatibility, pollen compatibility, bloom timing, harvest timing, sensitivity to different pests or diseases, and market acceptance/value. Table 5. Peanuts, almonds, pecans, and walnuts top the list of the most consumed nut varieties in the United States, showing up most often in sweeter items.However, nuts … Proper almond variety selection can mean the difference between the commercial success or failure of an orchard. Use this guide to help determine the most suitable variety, size, form, and grade of almond for your needs. Fritz is an excellent pollenizer for Nonpareil, blooming with or slightly after Nonpareil. Bloom occurs approximately the third week in February, harvest at the end of August. Almond Varieties - bloom, tree, crop, harvest and cultural descriptors for DWN commercial almond varieties. Orchards are commonly planted with every other row a Nonpareil row alternating with earlier and later pollenizers to optimize the pollination potential for the Nonpareil. This article is the third and final in a series on choosing almond varieties. Table 3. Your source for orchard news & information in the Sacramento Valley. 8/14/2020 1.42 1.50-5.33 . 3364, 1996 Date . Before selecting a nursery to supply Carmel, have the nursery field representative show you established orchards of varying ages in your region. Selling the crop at a competitive price and with a good return to the grower is paramount. A major issue in Sacramento Valley almond orchards is the compatibility of certain varieties with plum rootstocks (Table 4), which survive in wet, heavy soils in winter better than peach seedling or peach/almond hybrid. EXTRA NO. There are six primary marketing categories for California almonds (Table 5). Select varieties with good bloom overlap for cross pollination (Table 2), pollen compatibility with other varieties in the planting, and nut maturities with sufficient separation to avoid harvesting mixed nuts (Table 3). It produces a quality nut that receives a premium in certain markets and it harvests with the Carmel group. There are no perfect varieties so consider all pros and cons for each variety before selecting those that best fit your specific location and operation. Popular early pollenizer choices for Nonpareil include Aldrich, Peerless and Winters. 1 Similar to U.S. Fancy—ideal for food applications where the appearance Aldrich blooms just ahead of Nonpareil and is a common early pollenizer for Nonpareil in the Sacramento Valley. Almond Variety Price History. Compatability of important almond varieties with Mariana 2624 plum rootstock. 8/26/2020 1.44 1.50-4.00 . Download Chart of Fruit & Nut Harvest Dates. Required fields are marked *, Copyright 2016 SacramentoValleyOrchards.com | Contact Us | Privacy Policy. It is the standard mid-blooming earliest harvesting variety. — 2018 Edition — Almond Varieties - bloom, tree, crop, harvest and cultural descriptors for DWN commercial almond varieties.. Almond Rootstocks - comparison table for DWN almond rootstocks includes anchorage and relative tolerances to common soil-borne pests. Orchard planted in 1993. The late harvest date can be a significant problem in the Sacramento Valley when rains occur in September and early October and the large fleshy hulls of Monterey are difficult to dry. Other varieties are generally selected for overlap with Nonpareil. Nonpareil is not compatible with Marianna 2624 or M40, but appears compatible with Krymsk 86. Another great almond for the home orchard is neplus ultra. Verdal" Quite large an almond, flattened and with a very good taste. Experiments with alternating varieties down the row or increasing the Nonpareil percentage have not proven significantly better in yield or value than alternating solid rows and the arrangement is more costly to harvest.