Annu. A special thanks to Prof. Martin G. Klotz, all the Associate Editors and reviewers and Frontiers in Microbiology Editorial Staff for their support and suggestions. Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd. (Click here to buy this book from AMAZON), Epidemiology- History, Objectives and Types, Culture media used in Microbiology with their uses, General Aseptic Techniques in Microbiology Laboratory, Top 10 Microbiology Universities in Germany (Updated 2020), Top 10 Microbiology Journals with Impact Factor (updated 2019), T.U. He used solid media for the culture of bacteria-Eilshemius Hesse, the wife of Walther Hesse, one of Koch’s assistants had suggested the use of agar as a solidifying agent. He has proposed the principles of fermentation for the preservation of food. It appears that the human population will increase up to about 9–12 billion people by the year 2100, and microorganisms could be an integral part of the sustainable production system. However, new probiotic strains are (or will be) screened for natural bioactive substances, immunomodulation capacity, as well as anticancer and other health benefits. In fact, LAB are an industrially important group of microorganisms used throughout the world for a large variety of food fermentations, such as those of dairy, wine, bread, vegetables, and others, much discussed in the RT “Industrial and health applications of LAB and their metabolites.” More than 30 RTs have focused on LAB, and more than 340 articles have been published on this topic. Apurba Sankar Sastry and Sandhya Bhat K. 2018. Review of Microbiology and Immunology. Kleinberger: He described the existence of L forms of bacteria. In contrast to other habitats, foods are generally characterized by a not relevant number of microbial species. Karry B Mullis: Discovered polymerase chain reaction (PCR). He stated that gene (coding for virulence) of a microorganism should satisfy all the criteria of Koch’s postulates rather than the microorganism itself. This reaction is called Koch’s phenomenon. Front. 9:411–428. The stress response in food microbes has been the focus of more than 400 articles published in the last 10 years, and more than 20 RTs have targeted microbial resistance. Front. Those organisms are: He was the first to report the acid-fast nature of tubercle bacillus. Elie Metchnikoff: He described phagocytosis and termed phagocytes. B.Sc. He described the method of pasteurization of milk. © 2020 Microbe Notes. Food Microbiology: Principles into Practice. Basic information on the physiological, biochemical, and biological characteristics of microorganisms in foods such as microbial interactions in food environments and microbial physiology has helped open new frontiers in food microbiology. Impact Factor 4.235 | CiteScore 6.4More on impact ›, 10 Years of Frontiers in Microbiology: a Retrospective Look at the Future of the Microbial Sciences Ernst Ruska: He was the founder of the electron microscope. Nowadays, the use of these microorganisms and their metabolites for food preservation has been extended to several additional bioactivities. Front. GS and AC gave the same contribution to the drafting of the article. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. At present, a very interesting research topic on “Microbiology of Ethnic Fermented Foods and Alcoholic Beverages of the World” has been proposed (Tamang et al., 2017). Polymerase chain reaction-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) was employed for monitoring microorganisms during food production, storage, and distribution (RT: “Molecular methods in food quality and safety” by Ercolini, 2011–2013). Front. 1. Fifteen Research Topics (RTs) on these important subjects have been submitted to the Food Microbiology section. 8 Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Microbiol. Some food-associated LAB obtained the status of “Qualified Presumption of Safety” (QPS) by the European Food Safety Agency (EFSA) or the “General Recognized As Safe” (GRAS) status by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (2018). He stated that disease cannot be caused by bad air or vapor, but it is produced by the microorganisms present in the air. ii. Koch’s phenomenon: Robert Koch observed that guinea pigs already infected with tubercle bacillus developed a hypersensitivity reaction when injected with tubercle bacilli or its protein. The same disease must result when the isolated microorganism is inoculated into a suitable laboratory animal. (2015). 5. The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. In these studies, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) studies revealed new dimensions of microbial ecology. 4. The microorganism should be constantly associated with the lesions of the disease. The full text of this article hosted at is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Continuous monitoring of food contaminants and the identification of risk factors are crucial for assuring food safety. Microbiol. There are some bacteria that do not satisfy all the four criteria of Koch’s postulates. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms. New technologies used in the food production, processing, distribution, storage, and consumption introduce new problems. 6th Edition. Micro-organisms play an important role in production, storage and consumption of foods.