Aldehyde-i) Those compounds in which -CHO group is present are called aldehyde. Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons, which means that their carbon backbones contain no double or triple bonds. Theoretical Yield: Definitions & Formulas, Quiz & Worksheet - Double Displacement Reaction, Characteristics & Chemicals of Life Lesson Plans, CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, CPA Subtest III - Financial Accounting & Reporting (FAR): Study Guide & Practice, ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner: Study Guide & Practice, Top 50 K-12 School Districts for Teachers in Georgia, Finding Good Online Homeschool Programs for the 2020-2021 School Year, Coronavirus Safety Tips for Students Headed Back to School, Parent's Guide for Supporting Stressed Students During the Coronavirus Pandemic, Ramon Barba: Biography, Contributions & Inventions, Effects of Development on Physiology & Pathophysiology, Implementing Risk Stratification in Clinical Practice, Evaluating the Impact of Clinical Nursing Specialist Practice on Systems of Care, Quiz & Worksheet - Situational Crime Prevention, Quiz & Worksheet - Paleolithic Period Weapons, Flashcards - Real Estate Marketing Basics, Flashcards - Promotional Marketing in Real Estate, Teaching ELL Students | Strategies for English Language Learners |, ACT Compass Writing Skills Test: Practice & Study Guide, Accuplacer Math: Advanced Algebra and Functions Placement Test Study Guide, Learning & Conditioning: Homeschool Curriculum, Prentice Hall Algebra 2 Chapter 6: Polynomials and Polynomial Functions, Quiz & Worksheet - Financial Statements & Departmentalized Companies, Quiz & Worksheet - Teaching Students with Executive Function Disorder, Quiz & Worksheet - Reagan's Role in the Cold War, Quiz & Worksheet - How to Write an Autobiography, Characteristics of Beowulf as a Tragic Hero, The New Deal Lesson for Kids: Summary & Facts, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. Cyclobutane is a cyclic alkane, and it has four carbon (C) atoms, so n = 4. Alkane Alkane. CC BY-SA 3.0. Due to the valence configuration of carbon, there are a variety of alkane isomers, which are commonly separated into linear and branched structures. The chemical structure of methane, a simple alkane. Create your account. Cyclic alkanes or cycloalkanes consist of hydrogen and carbon atoms bonded together with single bonds, where the carbon atoms bond together to form a ring or loop. They are commonly found in fuel sources, like natural gas and petroleum. Their adjacent atoms are connected with sigma bonds and form tetrahedral centers around the carbon atoms. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5f88eec9ac75cf14 Get access risk-free for 30 days, The formula of spiro[2.2]pentane is C5H8. This is in contrast to alkenes and alkynes, which contain double and triple bonds and are known as unsaturated hydrocarbons. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Alkanes, also called paraffins, are a class of hydrocarbons that are fully saturated with hydrogen. What are some examples and uses of alkanes? In the chemical structure, we have a ring, so g = 1. Many substances are involved in the production of fuel, and one of the raw materials needed to make fuel is a type of chemical compounds known as an alkane. The number of carbon atoms is used to define the size of the alkane (e.g., C2-alkane). They contain no double or triple bonds in their carbon skeletons and, therefore, have the maximum number of carbon to hydrogen covalent bonds. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Methane. hydrocarbonA compound consisting only of carbon and hydrogen atoms. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you For example, a methyl group (CH3) is a fragment of a methane molecule (CH4). C 4 → But Butane C 4 H 10. 3) Their IUPAC name is alkoxy alkane. Alkanes have the general formula CnH2n+2. Wiktionary first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Linear straight chain alkanes consist of a hydrocarbon straight chain, where the carbon atoms are bonded together by single bonds. saturated hydrocarbonA compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon, composed entirely of single bonds. Boundless vets and curates high-quality, openly licensed content from around the Internet. The chemical structure can be drawn two ways. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware.