Non-religious spiritual guidance may also be offered. [3] Ken Feingold, writer of "Interactive Art as Divination as a Vending Machine," stated that with the invention of money, fortune-telling became “a private service, a commodity within the marketplace”[4]. The latter three have traditional associations in the popular mind with the Roma and Sinti people (often called "gypsie"). Or when we board a plane headed for San Francisco, we expect that when we get off the plane we will be in San Francisco. Ultimately, the reasons a person consults a diviner or fortune teller are mediated by cultural expectations and by personal desires, and until a statistically rigorous study of the phenomenon have been conducted, the question of why people consult fortune-tellers is wide open for opinion-making. If people knew how many people, especially the very rich and powerful ones, went to psychics, their jaws would drop through the floor.”[2] Ms. Rogers “claims to have 4,000 names in her rolodex.”[2], In 2000, a writer for the Northern Echo, a Canadian periodical, noted that the Canadian clairvoyant Mrs. Jane Welbourn said that “about 90% of the people I see are experiencing some stress, or something is bothering them. Are there equally plausible possible outcomes? Direct consultation of a qualified provider should be sought for any specific questions or problems. There are four major methods still in practice in China, Taiwan and Hong Kong today, and they remain in use due to their accuracy and popularity. Predicting the future becomes the cognitive distortion fortune telling, when we assume that some event or events will end badly for us, that we will fail at something or we will be in danger, more as an assumption rather than an educated guess. Psychology of Fortune Telling There are many forms of fortune telling, but regardless of what form is to be used, the basic process is the same – to observe the random phenomenon in the environment or surrounding and come up with conclusions based on them into your life. They may also be called upon to aid in decision-making regarding job opportunities, the outcome of illnesses, and plans for marriage or divorce. Direct consultation of a qualified provider should be sought for any specific questions or problems. The above quote, relating to the "five components" of the good or ill fortune of any given individual, is culturally believed to have come from Su Shi of the Song dynasty. Now, list as many things that might happen that would prevent this prediction from happening. One of the most traditional methods of telling fortunes in Africa is called casting (or throwing) the bones. Another form of fortune-telling, sometimes called "reading" or "spiritual consultation" does not rely on the use of specific devices or methods, but consists of the practitioner transmitting to the client advice and predictions which are said to have come from spirits or in visions. Some claim that it signified that a person's destiny is under his or her own control as the "five components" of fortune are mathematically one more than the classical four pillars of destiny, which implies that individuals are in control of their futures on top of their natal "born" fates. It is important to examine the actual evidence, and even more importantly, the quality of that evidence. Are there benefits to making a negative prediction? Traditional fortune-tellers vary in methodology, generally using techniques long established in their cultures and thus meeting the cultural expectations of their clientele. For instance, predicting that if we drink the expired, foul-smelling milk, we will probably be sick. Does it prepare you for a difficult task? Those who believe that it is possible for a practitioner to tell fortunes or predict the future for clients may have religious objections to the practice. ‘I thought of divination as fortune-telling and psychic development as psychic development.’ ‘It was no feat of fortune-telling to predict a bright future for these talented singers.’ ‘Successful predictions are more the result of good fortune than good fortune-telling.’ Now I’m not referring to clairvoyance. A review of Bible verses prohibiting fortune telling and divination, OU: Interactivity as Divination as Vending Machine, http://www.jstor.org/view/0024094x/ap050092/05a00100/0?currentResult=0024094x%2bap050092%2b05a00100%2b0%2c00&searchUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.jstor.org%2Fsearch%2FBasicResults%3Fhp%3D25%26si%3D1%26gw%3Djtx%26jtxsi%3D1%26jcpsi%3D1%26artsi%3D1%26Query%3Daa%253A%2522Ken%2BFeingold%2522, Soothsayers as Business Advisers; You Are Going to Go on a Long Trip…, http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A0CE0DA163BF932A2575AC0A962958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all#, https://psychology.wikia.org/wiki/Fortune-telling?oldid=122167, Pages needing enhanced psychological perspective. Under New York State law, S 165.35: Law-makers who wrote this statute acknowledged that fortune-tellers do not restrict themselves to "a show or exhibition solely for the purpose of entertainment or amusement" and that people will continue to seek out fortune-tellers even though fortune-tellers operate in violation of the law. Fortune tellers may exhibit skills at reading people and telling them what they wish to hear. Does your prediction instead make you feel powerless or demoralized? Meet the woman who walks a fine line. Psychological theories explain that the basic principle for all fortune telling methods is essentially the same. For example "Saju" in Korea is the same as the Chinese four pillarmethod. Thus, in ancient civilization, and even today with fortune telling as a true profession, humankind continues to be curious about its future, both out of sheer curiosity as well as out of desire to better prepare for it." Actual interpretations of this quotation vary, as there is no classical text explaining what Su Shi really meant. In 1982, Danny L., and Lin Jorgensen found that “while there is considerable variation among [these secondary] occupations, [part-time fortune-tellers] are over-represented in human service fields: counseling, social work, teaching, health care.”[11] The same authors, making a limited survey of North American diviners, found that the majority of fortune-tellers are married with children, and a few claim graduate degrees. We have to be able to predict the future to some degree. [17] As a maxim, it continues to remain popular in Chinese culture today. "[8], In the African American community, where many people practice a folrm of folk magic called hoodoo or rootworking, a fortune telling session or "reading" for a client may be followed by practical guidance in spell-casting and Christian prayer, through a process called "magical coaching." Thus, fortune tellers often take on a role which is equivalent to management consultants and psychotherapists in Western society. For instance, there are Christians who believe that fortune telling is forbidden in the Bible.[18].