0000005540 00000 n h�b```f``� �� 0000003447 00000 n 0000001376 00000 n L��P"������M��3N���W���`����Z��ǽ���|UN�G�6�l.Ul~GQ?�Yz6 F�XI,��( }����l[g%��������N���_ �O�����tK���)]�I�k+A�)�Ra�u��M�q�]|n9g��=��/�j0���zl��Ⱦ��-#��Z� �Ia�1��#�ao������4� &�� 0000001290 00000 n From the days when superconductivity was discovered its science was entangled by the unresolved problem of the relationship between superconducting state, its crystal structure and its phase transitions. 0000003671 00000 n 0000006106 00000 n 0000005675 00000 n Imagine an ice cube; an organized crystalline structure of some kind. 0000005972 00000 n In particular case of normal – superconducting phase transitions we have shown that (1) the norm al and superconduc ting crystal structur es are not identical, (2) the phase transition h��Tmo�0�+��i��;N����U*mհ�Z�)x-$�dZ��wg'�0X�mB��{��w��aDń'Di�D%�G��6�Čp�$��8%��b4捙����)�p�9=����|�����^՛U^�р���^�t��̈́p� H��ih6ɛ`Z:}]z��~�ڼ5t�[�z����0~33UK81��/�X,[ǂ~2:����2_4$�t\W�pX�1"c6��E���(_�M��iȕ�En�U^���U�����o��a]�'S�g�ƴ�e_(��]F�1z��e1T��F�֬�ñ+m1�M�n� }�*�J�:��hr���jVϋjA�jP5�ߏ�Mӎ����=/n�^杁P�f?�[Lg amorphous-crystal and normal-superconducting transitions, etc. 0000001444 00000 n 0000001202 00000 n "���}?b�oW��?>t��Rk� ��^������P���6G����XY�~�Yݴ2"�Ic@î�ʮP� ����`� yS��/����\��L�h#y�� �Y��{EG3IƄ�p��D��B��ƫY�B�hȓkȑ9�m>�`��;P��ܟ����t���e�Ix�]���~��#�Q�8���i9�)��|�>�cs^gQz�e��S��ta{�zバ܏D4�T8�E�K�:���/LF�ʃ���9.-Q5F h�bbd``b`���A�0�`.�9���@�;$�$"��Ą�L���,F���e� t�� 0000005862 00000 n endstream endobj 48 0 obj <>stream 0000002333 00000 n 0000000727 00000 n 1911. 0000002647 00000 n 0000001602 00000 n 0000000747 00000 n ��Aژ-���� 0000004049 00000 n ��Ȅ��)�!���5���KO� ̓RK �²v�!1�g��2����l{X�\x�,T��2ߚ���q. H�b```"Ad`B�p���F�u ���\�XҘ���8���7�����/H�4͵���dI5� �^&���\ΊZ�3�$���\R��lS7�U�*��-�R��A����� ,��d��D�U�b�`E-Qs�ܕ����^�9ѳ�f�%r��lU�0U����v�V��m�5uR7^��L���t�KGG�RGC(����&��;:�B��@�84H�et00 54 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[44 19]/Info 43 0 R/Length 65/Prev 180438/Root 45 0 R/Size 63/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream The process under which this occurs, the adiabatic magneto-caloric effect, leads to an isentropic phase transition [6] involving the appearance of a mixture of superconductive and Below the transition temperature Tc — 1.180 K the free energy is lower in the superconducting state. entropy and energy, R is the dissipative function. %PDF-1.3 %���� 0000005430 00000 n I.e., the superconducting state must be a di erent phase, separated by a phase transition, from the normal state. %%EOF 0000049367 00000 n trailer << /Size 78 /Info 55 0 R /Root 59 0 R /Prev 174006 /ID[<26d84955eb684dcbea4e1a90b0c91e7b><26d84955eb684dcbea4e1a90b0c91e7b>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 59 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 54 0 R /Outlines 44 0 R >> endobj 76 0 obj << /S 271 /O 346 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 77 0 R >> stream H��WK��6F��. 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Entropy 2004, 6, 116-127 118 volume, ∆V, and Sn and Ss are, respectively, the normal and superconductive phase entropies at T1. 0000006469 00000 n Such a wide range ... where J, JS, and JE are the currents of respectively charge. 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