Greek philosophy covers an absolutely enormous amount of topics including: political philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, ontology (the study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality), logic, biology, rhetoric, and aesthetics (branch of philosophy dealing with art, beauty, and taste). On the other hand, Socrates did not speak much about the soul. Each man formulated his own rhetorical argument style and hypotheses about the nature of … The way that the Sophists reasoned was also one of Socrates' main criticisms of Sophism, since the sophists would teach people to memorize passages instead of relying on their own reasoning abilities. He says that everything has its own function that which one can do only with it or best with it. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Socrates says that everything also is characterized by a virtue that has a direct relationship with the performance of its function. He would further say that a pruning knife is better suited for pruning than butchering. Socrates: Athens’ street-corner philosopher Socrates was the big-city philosopher in ancient Athens. In general, these new ideas came as a result of an influx of Ionian thinkers into the Attic peninsula. Platão e Sócrates são dois filósofos que mostraram diferenças entre eles quando se trata de seus conceitos e pensamentos filosóficos. Plato vs Socrates . He would say that overreaching is not a good thing, and actually, it is a foolish way to live. Socrates: Socrates was a very important philosopher. In Plato’s Apology, Socrates prides himself on addressing his questions to every Athenian—no one, in his view, is too young or too old for the examined life—and he freely acknowledges that the young love to see their elders embarrassed when they are unable to defend their beliefs. All rights reserved. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. One of the primary differences between Plato and Socrates is that Plato gave a lot of importance to the … Plato’s great admiration for Socrates was all the more remarkable because it coexisted not only with a recognition of why Socrates was considered dangerous but also with his belief that Socrates was, to some degree, guilty of impiety and of corrupting the young. Plato was concerned, even more than was Socrates (so scholars believe) with metaphysics, epistemology, and value theory. But, in the Republic, he puts into the mouth of its principal interlocutor, “Socrates,” an observation about the corrosive power that philosophy can have when it takes hold at too early an age. Most of what we think we know about Socrates comes from a student of his over forty years his junior, Plato. The Sophists helped Socrates to develop his reasoning, which Plato would learn from and use in his own philosophy. Since Socrates did not actually write down his philosophy, (it is recorded by others, especially Plato) we don’t actually know where Socrates ends and Plato begins. These are the most notable differences between the thoughts of Plato and Socrates. In succession, Socrates taught Plato, and Plato taught Aristotle. Scholars distinguish between the early Plato – closer to the beliefs of Socrates – and the later Plato – closer to his own beliefs – within the dialogues.Plato was very concerned with ideas. He’s known for being the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Whereas the Socrates of Plato’s Apology assumes that there is no need to place limits on philosophical inquiry, the Socrates of the Republic—who speaks as the mouthpiece of Plato—holds that in an ideal society this kind of activity would be carefully regulated.