Pour out any extra water. Repeat step 1 with your other two cabbages. Do not worry if you don't get the entire leaf removed—it is better to leave some of the leaf attached than to risk damaging the stem. Holiday Sale: Save 25%, A Saint Patrick's Day project from Science Buddies, Key concepts • Knife • Did one piece (top, middle or bottom) become the best clone? It is a clone. Pour out any extra water. When printing this document, you may NOT modify it in any way. Repeat step 15 six more times so that you have been making daily observations for one week after you started the experiment. • The next day open the bags and observe the cabbage stem pieces. What color(s) are they? The bottom will be closest to where the roots were, while the top will be closest to where the leaves were. Take the two bags, and label them “leaf” and “stem”. If the folded paper towel is too long to fit in the bag, have an adult help you use scissors to trim the paper towel so that it just barely fits. Experiment with different parts of plants. What will happen? Discover world-changing science. What could we do to improve Education.com? Keep the soil damp and observe how the clones grow and change over time. Beginning with the outer leaves, pull all of the leaves of the cabbage off of the stem. You can also continue trying to grow your clones on soil or compost them. Many sci–fi tales of cloned organisms have been based on the actual scientific method for cloning animals or plants. Examine each stem piece and record your observations in the data table in your lab notebook, answering each question for each piece. Although asexual reproduction usually produces plants with relatively less diversity compared with those created via sexual reproduction, asexual reproduction can be quite useful. Remove the leaves from the cabbage and set one aside. If you were going to do your project on what parts of the plant are best for cloning, you would do something like plant a leaf from the outside of the head of cabbage, a leaf from near the core, and then cut the core into three pieces (top, middle, and base.) Many plants we're familiar with, such as flowering plants, undergo sexual reproduction by making seeds, where each seed contains an embryo that will grow into a mature plant under the right conditions. Watch the pieces each day to see how they change. Using asexual reproduction, a farmer can essentially grow the exact same plant from one year to the next year. Test your child's science savvy with this worksheet, which asks your child to identify what items are made from plants. This takes about 3 days to do. You may want to have an adult help you do some additional background research to get ideas of how to try cloning these different crops. You can find this page online at: https://www.sciencebuddies.org/science-fair-projects/project-ideas/PlantBio_p016/plant-biology/cabbage-clones. They are the same apple grown on a different stem. Prepare sealable plastic bags to clone your cabbage pieces in. of water total. This is relevant because plants have a type of tissue called the meristem, which is where plants can sprout and is thereby important for asexual reproduction. Keep track of which stem the pieces came from and whether each piece is a bottom, middle, or top piece. The perfect thing to liven up a rainy day, school vacation, or moment of boredom. Do they sprout roots? From seed to flower to vegetable, take a look at the cabbage with this coloring page and brush up on English and Spanish vocabulary! Around Saint Patrick's Day the color green seems to be everywhere—from hats to shamrocks. How does plant cloning benefit modern agriculture? Use this lesson to teach your students about carnivorous plants by having them research characteristics and create a presentation. Cloning is important for agriculture because it increases the speed of crop production and the yield of crops. To switch between accounts click on the account below. Science Buddies Staff. Remove the leaves from the cabbage and set one aside. Come back and tell us about your project using the “I Did This Project” link for the project you choose. Did you finish the last leaf of cabbage? Please note: Use the Contact Us link at the bottom of our website for account-specific questions or issues. • Extra: You can try to continue growing the clones you started in this activity. Sexual reproduction requires both male (boy) and female (girl) parts of a plant, which mix together to form the embryo. Have an adult cut the stem crossways, close to the bottom where the roots were. Because they come from the same tree, these apples share the same DNA. Unlike most animals, plants commonly use two different ways to reproduce, depending on conditions. You can clone other crops as well. Fold each paper towel three times and slip it into a bag. Do the pieces seem to have changed? Attack of the Killer Cabbage Clones, from Science Buddies, 5 hours ago — Jason Kane and PBS NewsHour, 13 hours ago — Amanda Montañez | Opinion. To do this, after the stem pieces have been growing in the paper towels for around 10 to 12 days, remove them from the bags. • Put one stem piece into each bag you have prepared. Instead you want to keep exactly the same delicious sweetness. In this science project, you tried growing clones on damp paper towels, but how well would other materials work? Did the middle piece grow at least a few small green spots, whereas the bottom had fewer green spots—if any? • Continue observing the cabbage stem pieces each day like this until you have observed them for at least a week. The piece of cabbage stem will start to grow small roots. Even though asexual reproduction produces plants with very low diversity it has many useful applications. Cloning plants is very common in agriculture because a plant can often be made relatively quickly this way, and it allows a farmer to grow more reliable produce, harvesting essentially the same plant from one year to the next. You will need to keep the soil moist for the pieces to grow so you may need to water them every 3 to 5 days or so. What happens to the pieces over the course of the week? 2004. Science fair project that determines whether landscaping fabric impacts the ability of plants to receive water. Make sure to keep track of whether each piece is the bottom, middle, or top piece. To do this, remove the clones from the bags after they've been growing for about 10 to 12 days, have an adult help you carefully use a knife to cut off and discard any rotting pieces, and put the clones onto damp potting soil in a pot or other container. Plants have male and female parts. Making a seed involves sexual reproduction. Put your knowledge of coral reef animals and plants to the test with this labeling worksheet. Because of this, asexually reproduced plants are usually not as diverse as sexually reproduced ones. (If the folded paper towel is too long to fit into the bag, trim it to fit using scissors.) Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons. • Extra: Try comparing the time it takes to produce a mature cabbage by cloning to growing it from a seed. Meristem tissue is usually in the plant’s root tips (which had been removed from the cabbage) and the stem's tip, where it grows the stem, new leaves and buds.