This is the only one of Catullus' poems in which a character named "Lesbius", the masculine form of the name, appears and Lesbia is present in close proximity. His marriage with Clodia was never consummated: in a letter to her mother he stated that she was still a virgin. Her mother is uncertain, many historians believe she was a Caecilia Metella, possibly Caecilia Metella Balearica, or her cousin, Caecilia Metella daughter of Lucius Caecilius Metellus Diadematus. Clodia Pulchra. The fate of Fulvia’s daughter, Clodia Pulchra, after her divorce from Octavian is unknown. [10], The predominant view, however, identifies Clodia with Lesbia primarily on the basis of Catullus 79.1-2:[11]. Cicero had a personal interest in the case, as Clodia's brother Clodius was Cicero's most bitter political enemy. “My dear,” she said, “I’m sure we’re going to be very good friends.” {In which Clodia is simultaneously the most maddening sister-in-law in Rome and the woman Fulvia's been dreaming of.} Clodia Pulchra is another of the many women in ancient Rome who were readily condemned by scandal. Alternative Title: Lesbia. This particular affair caused an immense scandal. She was a daughter of Appius Claudius Pulcher. Together with Lucius Antonius, her brother-in-law, she raised eight legions in Italy to fight for Antonius' rights against Octavian, in what became the Perusine War. The third of these references is to the son of P. Clodius - that is, the little boy who escaped death in 52, the youth described by Antony in 44 as "optima in spe puer repositus," and the man who proudly inscribed [2], Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Clodia_Pulchra_(wife_of_Octavian)&oldid=983059848, Articles needing additional references from May 2012, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 October 2020, at 00:48. Augustus married three times, although his first union, to Mark Antony’s stepdaughter Clodia Pulchra, was unconsummated. [citation needed]. As a widow, Clodia became known for taking several other lovers, including Marcus Caelius Rufus, Catullus's friend. Create a free family tree for yourself or for Clodia Pulchra and we’ll search for valuable new information for you. Cicero refers to a Clodia in 44 BC,[9] but the lack of female personal names (praenomina) in Latin makes it difficult to specify whether this refers to the infamous Clodia or a sister. (1987), Cicero Pro Cael. Born around 96 BC into an ancient noble family, she married into another family of long lineage in her union with Metellus Celer. Marble bust of Marcus Tullius Cicero, 1800, via Sotheby’s . As Clodius had done previously, Antony was happy to accept her money to boost his career. [citation needed] Arguments with Metellus Celer were constant, often in public. Clodia Pulchra, also known as Claudia (born 57 BC/56 BC) was the daughter of Fulvia by her first husband Publius Clodius Pulcher.She was the stepdaughter of Mark Antony and half-sister of Marcus Antonius Antyllus and Iullus Antonius.. Mark Antony was her mother's third husband. Why not? Caelius was found not guilty, and after the trial no definite reference is heard of Clodia, and the date of her death is unknown. The marriage was not happy. Clodia, (flourished 1st century bc ), profligate Roman beauty and sister of the demagogue Publius Clodius. Sister of Publius Clodius Pulcher. To solidify the political alliance, Fulvia offered Clodia to young Octavian as wife, while Lepidus offered his wife's niece Servilia (daughter of Junia Prima and Publius Servilius Isauricus). She was a daughter of Appius Claudius Pulcher. The army occupied Rome for a short time, but eventually retreated to Perusia (modern Perugia). Yonge, Transactions of the American Philological Association, English translations of Catullus' "Lesbia" poems, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Clodia_(wife_of_Metellus)&oldid=981852428, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Clodia plays a significant role in several books of the, Clodia also plays a significant role in the novel. His capacity for arousing anger may be seen in the opening sentences of the first speech against Catiline and, for arousing pity, in the last page of Pro Milone. Lesbius is beautiful. She had three brothers: Appius Claudius Pulcher (consul in 54 BC), Gaius Claudius Pulcher (praetor in 56 BC), and Publius Clodius Pulcher (tribune of the plebs in 58 BC); and four sisters, the younger two of whom were married to Quintus Marcius Rex and Lucullusrespectively. She had three brothers: Appius Claudius Pulcher (consul in 54 BC), Gaius Claudius Pulcher (praetor in 56 BC), and Publius Clodius Pulcher (tribune of the plebs in 58 BC); and four sisters, the younger two of whom were married to Quintus Marcius Rex and Lucullus respectively. Her youngest child, Iullus Antonius, was spared by Octavian and raised from 40 BC by Octavia Minor. It is not certain whether Clodia was the eldest or a middle daughter, it is only known that she was not the youngest sister. [12] Reading Publius Clodius Pulcher for "Lesbius" makes one element of the poem a pun on his name and another a reminder of one of the political attacks Cicero aimed at P. Clodius Pulcher. His technique in winning a case against the evidence is exemplified by Pro Cluentio,… Get started FamilySearch Family Tree. Clodia later married the future Emperor Augustus.Clodius was a popularis aristocratic politician who was extremely popular with the urban masses. Clodia (born 57 BC/56 BC), also known as Claudia, was the daughter of Fulvia by her first husband Publius Clodius Pulcher. After the relationship with Caelius was over in 56 BC, Clodia publicly accused him of attempted poisoning. Octavian besieged Fulvia and Lucius Antonius in the winter of 41-40 BC, starving them into surrender. Octavian divorced Clodia to marry Scribonia, with whom he would have his only child, Julia the Elder. She had one full sibling from her parents; Publius Clodius Pulcher Minor, and three half-brothers from her mother Fulvia; Gaius Scribonius Curio, Marcus Antonius Antyllus and Iullus Antonius. Women of the Claudii Marcelli branch were often called "Clodia" in the late Republic. One of the greatest Roman poets of all time, Catullus wrote poems that alternately adored and defamed a woman named “Lesbia,” which was evidently a pseudonym for Clodia Metelli. Clodia and Catullus are the main characters in, This page was last edited on 4 October 2020, at 19:56. Not much is known about their marriage and little information survives about Clodia. These actions caused political and social unrest, but when Octavian asked for a divorce from Clodia, Fulvia herself decided to take action. Clodia’s reputation gained further notoriety from the poetry of Catullus, another man with whom she is said to have had an affair. Birthdate: between -57 and -56. [6] Another theory is that she was a Servilia Caepione.[7]. Athenais." Trivia [edit | edit source] Clodia is not to be confused with Clodia Pulchra, her niece and the daughter of Fulvia and Publius Clodius Pulcher, with whom she shares a name. Clodia was married to Quintus Caecilius Metellus Celer, her first cousin, with whom she had a daughter Caecilia Metella. And Lesbia prefers him to you and your whole tribe, Catullus.But let this beautiful man sell Catullus along with his tribeif he finds three kisses from people he knows. When he died in strange circumstances in 59 BC, Clodia was suspected of poisoning her husband. Wife of Lullus Antonius and Augustus, 1st Roman Emperor. Clodia (born Claudia, c. 95 or 94 BC), nicknamed Quadrantaria, and occasionally referred to in scholarship as Clodia Metelli ("Clodia the wife of Metellus"), was one of three known daughters of the ancient Roman patrician Appius Claudius Pulcher and either Caecilia Metella Balearica, or her cousin, Caecilia Metella daughter of Lucius Caecilius Metellus Diadematus. Clodia passed away in 175, at age 30 at death place. Cicero accused Clodia of being a seducer and a drunkard in Rome and in Baiae, and alluded to the persistent rumors of an incestuous relationship with Clodius. Clodia smiled and entwined her legs with Fulvia’s. His second wife, Scribonia, bore his only child, Julia the Elder. Like many other women of the Roman elite, Clodia was very well educated in Greek and Philosophy, with a special talent for writing poetry. The accusation led to a murder charge and trial. Cicero's own marriage to Terentia suffered from Terentia's persistent suspicions that Cicero was conducting an illicit affair with Clodia. Accusations of incest (as here) against the brother and sister also appear in Cicero. Along with her brother Clodius, she changed her patrician name to Clodia, … Plutarch considered him a demagogue. As Clodius had done previously, Antony was happy to accept Fulvia's money to boost his career.