You can relate cherry blossoms with other trees such as apricot, plum, peach and almond. "Hanami" is the centuries-old practice of drinking under a blooming sakura or ume tree. [17] The last message of the forces on Peleliu was "Sakura, Sakura" — cherry blossoms. A cherry blossom is a flower of many trees of genus Prunus. Currently, Wuhan University has about one thousand cherry blossom trees of different species. Typically found in mountainous areas, cherry blossoms are a popular attraction in Taiwan, with numerous specially tailored viewing tours. Philadelphia's cherry blossoms are located within Fairmount Park, and the annual Subaru Cherry Blossom Festival of Greater Philadelphia celebrates the blooming trees. These gorgeous trees usher in the new season around the world, but have you ever wondered why cherry blossom trees are so popular and widespread? Hagley Park is the largest urban open space in Christchurch, New Zealand and has many cherry blossom trees of several varieties.[74]. The animals that, One of the interesting plants in the world is explained in Facts about Cattails. Scidmore, who first petitioned the government to plant the trees over 20 years before, was also present at the ceremony. [69], Cherry blossoms are part of the attraction of the temperate regions of the country. Most of them are not grown to bear fruit for the ornament purposes. It's Officially Cherry Blossom Season in Washington D.C. D.C. Cherry Blossom Peak Bloom Dates 2018, 9 Things to Know About Annabelle Selldorf, 9 Things You Didn't Know About Seersucker, 7 Things You Didn’t Know About Judith Leiber. Cherry trees are a symbol of spring for Japanese people. [77] The Royal Horticultural Society has given its prestigious Award of Garden Merit to many flowering cherry species and cultivars. In Japan, cherry blossoms symbolize clouds due to their nature of blooming en masse, besides being an enduring metaphor for the ephemeral nature of life,[10] an aspect of Japanese cultural tradition that is often associated with Buddhist influence,[11] and which is embodied in the concept of mono no aware. Every spring, nearly 1.5 million people descend on Washington D.C. to enjoy the national cherry blossom festival. [65][66][67][68], In Korea, cherry blossoms have the meaning of purity and beauty. The Japan Cherry Blossom Association developed a list of Japan's Top 100 Cherry Blossom Spots[9] with at least one location in every prefecture. [55][56][57][58][59][60][61], In 2007, a study conducted on the comparison of King cherry and Yoshino cherry concluded that these trees were categorized as distinct species. The most well-known species is the Japanese cherry, Prunus serrulata, which is commonly called sakura (桜 or 櫻; さくら). Some of the species of cherry blossoms include Prunus pendula, Prunus serrulata, Prunus campanulata, Prunus verecunda and Prunus sargentii. [4][5][6] It is considered the national flower of Japan.[7]. [14], In its colonial enterprises, imperial Japan often planted cherry trees as a means of "claiming occupied territory as Japanese space". Parc de Sceaux, located in a suburb of Paris, has two orchards of cherry trees, one for white cherry blossoms (Prunus avium) and one for pink cherry blossoms (Prunus serrulata), the latter with about 150 trees that attract many visitors when they bloom in early April. In tattoo art, cherry blossoms are often combined with other classic Japanese symbols like koi fish, dragons or tigers.[21]. Maggie Maloney is the associate editor at Town & Country and ELLE Decor, where she covers style, beauty, jewelry, and the many members of the royal family. The eighth-century chronicle Nihon Shoki (日本書紀) records hanami festivals being held as early as the third century AD. The very first celebration of the cherry blossom planting was in 1927, when school children from the D.C. area reenacted the first planting. In 1906, he ordered 125 cherry blossom trees from the Yokohama Nursery Company in Japan to plant on his own property in Chevy Chase, Maryland, National Geographic reports. [8] From then on, in both waka and haiku, "flowers" (花, hana) meant "cherry blossoms". Other US cities have an annual cherry blossom festival (or sakura matsuri), including the International Cherry Blossom Festival in Macon, Georgia, which features over 300,000 cherry trees. Through the Sakura Project, the Japanese Consulate donated a further 34 cherry trees to High Park in 2001, plus cherry trees to various other locations like Exhibition Place, McMaster University, York University (near Calumet College and on Ottawa Road near McLaughlin College) and the University of Toronto's main (next to Robarts Library) and Scarborough campuses. Edible cherries generally come from cultivars of the related species Prunus avium and Prunus cerasus. The first trees were planted in November of that year near Glienicker Bridge.[38]. [76] Keele University in Staffordshire (England), has one of the UK's largest collections of flowering cherries, with more than 150 varieties. Other donations would add to the numbers in the following years. [64] In Korea most of the places for cherry blossom festivals, including Yeouido and Jinhae, are still planted with Yoshino cherry trees. Keep reading to find out more about the beautiful cherry blossoms! During World War II, a prisoner of war (POW) camp near the town of Cowra in New South Wales, Australia, was the site of one of the largest prison escapes of the war, on 5 August 1944. It has been practiced more than centuries ago. Cherry trees are members of the rose family, and like all its members, they require full sun and good drainage. Cherry blossoms are found in Northern Thailand.[75]. lannesiana 'Himalaya'. The bloom period each spring is only about a month long, and each individual tree only blooms for a week or two. There are many public buildings and schools which have cherry blossom at the front yard. The flowers are charming and beautiful. The blossoming begins in Okinawa in January, and typically reaches Kyoto and Tokyo at the end of March or the beginning of April. In India, the cherry blossom is an attraction as well, most notably in Himalayan states like Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim & northern districts of West Bengal namely Jalpaiguri and Darjeeling, along with tropical highlands of Garo Hills and Khasi Hills in Northeast India where Prunus cerasoides is native to. Get more facts about cherry blossom below: Facts about Cherry Blossoms 1: the varieties of cherry blossom. [45][46] Unlike its cousin species in Japan and Korea, which flower in spring, Prunus cerasoides cherry trees flower during autumn. Get facts about celery here. [20] The government even encouraged the people to believe that the souls of downed warriors were reincarnated in the blossoms. In Hokkaido, cherry blossoms are usually in full bloom in May. The ritual of viewing cherry blossoms dates back to the 700s in Japan, when the trees were considered sacred and connected to specific religious beliefs, per PBS. [37], In 1990, along prior sections of the Berlin Wall, Japan donated cherry blossoms to express appreciation of German reunification. [13], During World War II, the cherry blossom was used to motivate the Japanese people, to stoke nationalism and militarism among the populace. It's actually Macon, Georgia, for a fascinating reason: the city has over 350,000 cherry trees, which is more than 90 times the amount of cherry trees around D.C., according to Insider. The gift was supported by donations from the Japanese people allowing for over 9,000 trees to be planted. Prunus cerasoides, called wild Himalayan cherry, Indian wild cherry, and sour cherry, is known in Hindi as padam, pajja, or padmakashtha. The custom is said to have started during the Nara period (710–794), when it was ume blossoms that people admired in the beginning, but by the Heian period (794–1185) cherry blossoms came to attract more attention, and hanami was synonymous with sakura. [53][54] Yet Koreans continued to plant Yoshino cherry trees and festivals began attracting a wide range of tourists. These trees were planted in Sakura Park in Manhattan and lined the shore of the Tidal Basin and the roadway in East Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. [36] With multiple varieties and a temperate climate, they begin to bloom in February yearly and peak in April. In 1912, Ozak donated another 3,020 cherry blossoms from 12 different varieties. The University of Washington in Seattle also has cherry blossoms in its quad. They bloom and usually fall within a week, before the leaves come out. (1977). Since the fiscal and school year both begin in April, in many parts of Honshu, the first day of work or school coincides with the cherry blossom season. [83][84][85], Balboa Park in San Diego has 1,000 cherry blossom trees that blossom in mid- to late March. Civic groups helped expand the celebration into a full festival in 1935. One of the engaging activities that you can do when the sakura flowers are blooming is picnicking under the trees. The yaezakura have large flowers, thick with rich pink petals. These trees were donated by a Japanese benefactor and were planted in 1992.[86][87]. The Japanese cherry trees represent the memory of those who died and provide remembrance.