After reading the vignette, participants were asked to rate the candidate, scales, on the dimensions ‘unsupportive-supportive’ and ‘uncaring-caring’. 2011; 100(6):1056–78. The original vignettes were adapted for the Australian and Danish political contexts, but, = 0.89 & 0.90) in both samples, substantially higher, presents the findings of these analyses. The initial set of 31 items, rated using a 5-point Likert scale, agree) to 5 (strongly agree), were piloted with a sample of 154 Australian adults employed in, the financial and legal service industries and the armed forces, who were participating in exec-, utive education programs. But as society evolves, relationships do, too. No, PLOS is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) corporation, #C2354500, based in San Francisco, California, US, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200921. Significant backlash effects were found in the Australian sample for moral outrage and in the Danish sample for moral outrage and candidate preference (see Tables 4 and 5). Beyond Mars and Venus: The role of gender, essentialism in support for gender inequality. The rationale for this dissertation study was to extend knowledge in psychology, including industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology because of the gap in the literature, field, and specialization concerning the effect of gender, race/ethnicity, and years on the job characteristics on climates of change. Interpretations and directions for future research are discussed. Commonly known as the “business case” for women’s leadership, the idea is that having more women leaders is good for business. For example, Keller  found that greater endorsement of the deterministic role of biological factors in development was associated with higher levels of modern sexism, such as the belief that sexism is no longer pervasive and that progressive gender policies are unwelcome . Kinzler KD, Shutts K, Correll J. Kalev A, Dobbin F, Kelly E. Best practices or best guesses? Popular discourse often presents such ‘essential’ differences as an argument for greater progress toward gender equality, the rationale being that distinctive and complementary masculine and feminine skills and perspectives are both required in critical decision-making processes. At the end of the questionnaire, Australian participants were asked to provide. “No one delivers greater wisdom about relationships than John Gray. In the Australian sample, GES scores predicted greater differential moral outrage against, power-seeking female relative to male political candidates. 1994; 67(4):741–63. The finding that GE thinking is associated with support for discrimination and inequality, has important implications for gender equality advocates and practitioners. This suggests that, when men are motivated to align with their masculine identity, they are more likely to endorse the persistence of gender inequality as a way of affirming their status as "real men.". † Conditions apply. Psychological essentialism, gender, and parenthood: Physical, Rudman L. Self-promotion as a risk factor for women: The costs and benefits of counterstereotypical, Brescoll V, Uhlmann E. Can an angry woman get ahead? For the Danish sample, YouGov already had this information for the par-, ticipants, but the question of gender was asked in order to offer the option of “Other” for this, part of the sample as well. Funding: Lea Skewes was supported by an Inge Lehmann Scholarship at The Royal Danish Academy of Science and Letters and also received financial support from the Interacting Minds Centre at Aarhus University. For example, Keller [, greater endorsement of the deterministic role of biological factors in development was associated, with higher levels of modern sexism, such as the belief that sexism is no longer pervasive and that, progressive gender policies are unwelcome [, of sex differences increases people’s acceptance of gender inequality [, recently found that the belief that gender roles are fixed (as opposed to changeable) is associated, with greater gender system justification and preference for traditional roles, with biological attri-, butions for gender differences and inequalities contributing to this association [, tialism (GE) has also been linked with enacted domestic arrangements and preferences supportive, parental roles were less involved with child care, independently of working hours and attitude, toward the paternal role.