Again, does his evaluation of the values of philosophy serve to inculcate a way of thinking inclined to his lines of view? But if you put the same question to a philosopher, he will, if he is candid, have to confess that his study has not achieved positive results such as have been achieved by other sciences. This is, however, only a part of the truth concerning the uncertainty of philosophy. September 19, 2016 Russell John Messerly. In his evaluation of the value of philosophy, he does not give definite values of philosophy. Introduction: Bertrand Russell was a philosopher, mathematician, and social reformer. "The Value of Philosophy by Bertrand Russell." It will view its purposes and desires as parts of the whole, with the absence of insistence that results from seeing them as infinitesimal fragments in a world of which all the rest is unaffected by any one man’s deeds. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. The true philosophic contemplation, on the contrary, finds its satisfaction in every enlargement of the not-Self, in everything that magnifies the objects contemplated, and thereby the subject contemplating. Aristotle on Voluntary Action - Mahad.pdf, The Allegory of the Cave and The Matrix Ver 2.docx, The value of philosophy Bertrand Russell Weekly Paper.docx. Thus contemplation enlarges not only the objects of our thoughts, but also the objects of our actions and our affections: it makes us citizens of the universe, not only of one walled city at war with all the rest. The value of philosophy is, in fact, to be sought largely in its very uncertainty. Self-assertion, in philosophic speculation as elsewhere, views the world as a means to its own ends; thus it makes the world of less account than Self, and the Self sets bounds to the greatness of its goods. For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. . IvyPanda. But it would seem that, whether answers be otherwise discoverable or not, the answers suggested by philosophy are none of them demonstrably true. Bertrand Russell, Problems of Philosophy CHAPTER XV THE VALUE OF PHILOSOPHY HAVING now come to the end of our brief and very incomplete review of the problems of philosophy, it will be well to consider, in conclusion, what is the value of philosophy and why it ought to be studied. 1. If all men were well off, if poverty and disease had been reduced to their lowest possible point, there would still remain much to be done to produce a valuable society; and even in the existing world the goods of the mind are at least as important as the goods of the body. However, it seeks to arrive at the knowledge through introspection of beliefs, convictions and prejudices to determine their value to support the claimed knowledge and assertion of uncertainties. Many philosophers, it is true, have held that philosophy could establish the truth of certain answers to such fundamental questions. (a) Russell's parents died when he was a little child; John Stuart Mill was his godfather. Essentially philosophical. Are good and evil of importance to the universe or only to man? Its object is to attempt and explain why such categorizations exist. I believe that Russell was the greatest philosopher in the twentieth century and quite possibly the greatest philosopher of the entire Western intellectual tradition. It is the more necessary to consider this question, in view Russell, Bernard. He comments, “The mind which has become accustomed to the freedom and impartiality of philosophic contemplation will preserve something of the same freedom and impartiality in the world of action and emotion” (Russell Para.14). Philosophy acts at the food for the mind, which gives it the capacity to function at its full potential tantamount to how body receives energy to carry on its obligations from the food we eat. For this reason greatness of soul is not fostered by those philosophies which assimilate the universe to Man. Such a prerequisite is necessary since unveiling the truth encompasses subjecting any previously held “knowledge” and biasness to doubt, so that through reason all that is susceptible to doubt may be eliminated and remain with only that is beyond any reasonable doubt (Russell Para.8). Russell criticizes this view by asserting that it emanates from misconceptions of the goods philosophy seeks to achieve. We utilize security vendors that protect and ensure the integrity of our platform while keeping your private information safe. This is considered to be invalid. This view, if our previous discussions were correct, is untrue; but in addition to being untrue, it has the effect of robbing philosophic contemplation of all that gives it value, since it fetters contemplation to Self. Bertrand Russell: The Value of Philosophy. The Originals: Classic Readings in Western Philosophy, Next: Rene Descartes – On Doubt and Certainty, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The concern here is to know what the various scholastic philosophical works such as René Descartes’ proof of the existence of God meant. Philosophic contemplation does not, in its widest survey, divide the universe into two hostile camps—friends and foes, helpful and hostile, good and bad—it views the whole impartially. December 5, 2019. He argues, “As soon as definite knowledge concerning any subject becomes possible, this subject ceases to be called philosophy, and becomes a separate science” (Russell Para.3). Butt 1 Mahad Butt Professor Eardley PHIL*1000 18 September 2020 The Value of Philosophy Bertrand Russell argues that those who have no tincture of philosophical training are essentially a prisoner of his/her irrational prejudices that are ‘derived’ from the habitual beliefs of his age or nation. In this context, philosophic contemplation leads to (though held with uncertainties) freedom of mind and thought. This critical writing on The Value of Philosophy by Bertrand Russell was written and submitted by your fellow student. : Bertrand Russell's Nobel Lecture on the occasion of receiving the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1950.