[23], The Quraysh veterans grew impatient with the deadlock. [4] One reason cited by some for such punishment is that Muhammad’s previous clemency towards defeated foes was in contradiction to Arab and Jewish laws of the time, and was seen as a sign of weakness. [4] One reason cited by some for such punishment is that Muhammad's previous clemency towards defeated foes was in contradiction to Arab and Jewish laws of the time, and was seen as a sign of weakness. Although no fighting occurred, the coastal tribes were impressed with Muslim power. Prophet (S.A.W) after this victory turned towards the quarters of Banu Quraiza to respond to their betrayal conduct. Then he went to the men and said, 'God's command is right. the infidels) and they will not come to attack us." The battle began on March 31, 627. The reason for this battle was to defend Medina from attack, after Banu Nadir and Banu Qaynuqa tribes formed an alliance with the Quraysh to attack him as revenge for expelling them from Medina during the Invasion of Banu Qaynuqa and Invasion of Banu Nadir. [15] From the Banu Sulaym, the Nadir secured 700 men, though this force would likely have been much larger had not some of its leaders been sympathetic towards Islam. therefore go back!” And a band of them ask for leave of Muhammad, saying, “Truly our houses are bare and exposed,” though they were not exposed they intended nothing but to run away. The battle is also referred to as the Battle of Confederates (غزوة الاحزاب). Akhtab eventually managed to enter and persuade them that the Muslims would surely be overwhelmed if they opened a second front against them The sight of the Confederate armies, surging the land with soldiers and horses as far as the eye could see, swung the opinion in the favour of the Confederacy. The word khandaq (خندق) is the Arabised form of the Middle Persian word kandag (کندگ; meaning "that which has been dug"). [27], Muhammad sent three leading Muslims to bring him details of the recent developments. [24], Muhammad attempted to hide his knowledge of the activities of Banu Qurayza; however, rumours soon spread of a massive assault on the city of Medina from Qurayza’s side which severely demoralised the Medinans. But, you have to keep in mind that you should choose the best time to see them because Arab has a hot climate. After a 25-day siege of their neighbourhood the Banu Qurayza unconditionally surrendered. The Allied force began to check around the trench trying hard to find a weak spot through which they could get into Madinah. [25] The findings of the leaders were signalled to Muhammad in a metaphor: “Adal and Qarah“. The Quraysh came out with their company of men from various tribes and their followers, under the leadership of Abu Sufyan Sakhr bin Harb. The well-organized defenders, the sinking of confederate morale, and poor weather conditions caused the siege to end in a Fiasco. While the Ghatafan did not retreat they had compromised themselves by entering into negotiations with Medina, and the Confederacy’s internal dissension had thereby been increased.[4]. The Jews of Banu Quraiza began sneaking in the fortresses of Muslims threatening Muslims families. Muslims learnt new strategies of war. For the type of modern warfare, see, Aftermath: Siege and demise of the Banu Qurayza, Mubarakpuri, The Sealed Nectar, pp. By Allah,(‘Ã’isha adds) I shall never forget her cheerfulness and her great laugh when she knew that she was to be killed.’[38][41], Ibn Asakir writes in his History of Damascus that the Banu Kilab, a clan of Arab clients of the Banu Qurayza, were also killed. [15], The Banu Nadir began rousing the nomads of Najd. The largely outnumbered defenders of Medina, mainly Muslims led by Islamic prophet Muhammad, dug a trench on the suggestion of Salman Farsi,[5] which together with Medina’s natural fortifications, rendered the confederate cavalry (consisting of horses and camels) useless, locking the two sides in a stalemate. They sharply rejected the terms of the agreement,[34] protesting Medina had never sunk to such levels of ignominy. Because of his pact with the Qurayza, he had not bothered to make defensive preparations along the Muslims' border with the tribe. According to Ibn Ishaq’s biography of Muhammad, one woman who had thrown a millstone from the battlements during the siege and killed one of the Muslim besiegers, was also beheaded along with the men. If you have any suggestions, questions or need help please feel free to contact us. Although Quran doesn't speak about the events, it reveals psychological and social situation of people of Medina and different approaches toward the battle among them. The people of Madinah now acknowledged the Prophet (S.A.W) as an undisputed ruler of the city. [10], The reason for this battle was to defend Medina from attack, after Banu Nazir and Banu Qaynuqa tribes formed an alliance with the Quraysh to attack him as revenge for expelling them from Medina during the Invasion of Banu Qaynuqa and Invasion of Banu Nadir.