Footnotes have all been numbered, as with all of the editions on this site. Hume is one of the best, most quotable and reasonable philosophers of all time. Miracles are events that violate the laws of nature. He was not quite the lucid prosodist Arthur was, and not quite the poet Plato was, but when it comes to directing humanity away from superstition and toward rational thinking, maybe none have done as much. However, not only do perceptions change as we move about in the world but they can be entirely erroneous when dreams or madness occur. He says that human behavior is just as predictable as the behavior of fire or liars, because we can predict future outcomes based on past observations. A baby must see an object move many times before he or she will understand that objects do indeed move when they collide with each other. "If we take in our hand any volume; of divinity or school metaphysics, for instance; let us ask, Hume discusses the distinction between impressions and ideas. Hume says that, although we believe in free will, it is not incompatible with determinism. What I like about Hume is the skepticism and empiricism. If we knew of necessary connection purely through reason, we would not need experience to show us that two events are necessarily connected. Though Hume starts out saying how unlimited and infinite imagination is, he adds a caveat in his typical subtle fashion stating how the limitation to this imagination comes from both creative and knowledge of a person. How Do You Build One? While he makes a good case for experience being a necessary prerequisite for knowing effect from cause, he also contradicts himself variously and accords to experience more authority than he accredits it in certain other parts of this book. The answer Hume gives is conditioning through custom (or habit). Reasoning helps us make sense of the world around us, and it enables us to figure out what needs to be done next for survival. Hume discusses the distinction between impressions and ideas. Full of crystal-clear thinking on a variety of subjects, though most focused on the necessity of understanding the limits of our reason and the necessity to understand the experiential learning/customs we share with the rest of the fauna of the natural world, the final three sections specifically, "Of miracles," "Of a particular providence a. Hume's masterpiece of empiricism, "An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding," is a philosophical breath of fresh air and a justly revered and studied work. from the discussions of belief, probability, and the external world), the Enquiry expands the central philosophical discussions on induction (Section 4), free-will (Section 8), and scepticism (Section 12) while also polishing significantly the treatment of causation (Section 7). Only in three cases have substantive changes been made to the copytext here, where typographical changes were clearly required and could be identified by reference to other editions: these involve the insertion of “[is]” within 3.3 n. 6, “[and]” within endnote [B], and the substitution of “reasoning” for “reasonings” in the first line of endnote [H]. Nevertheless, he was convinced of the importance of the message, so he decided to publish its contents in two new, thinner and more accessible books. Hume’s friend says that in the case of the footprints, we can infer that there were more prints because we know a great deal about people. Read More; improbability of miracles. Hume’s view of custom and constant conjunction is odd, but it’s just another way to frame something that should be relatively clear.