1996. Besides protein, amaranth grain provides a good source of dietary fiber and dietary minerals such as iron, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, and especially manganese. }} it is known as lenga lenga or biteku teku (Enama 1994). 1999). Although several species are often considered weeds, people around the world value amaranths as leaf vegetables, cereals, and ornamentals. Woven into a wreath, it is said to render the wearer invisible. The bracts are papery and may be white, pink, red, lavender or purple. There are two species popular as edible vegetable in Vietnam: dền đỏ- amaranthus tricolor and dền cơm or dền trắng- amaranthus viridis. Amaranthus is a showy and exotic plant, ideal for beds and borders. Thus, in John Milton's epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), iii. bloomest for ever in renewed youth.". It readily reseeds, however, and unless you’re careful you won’t have much choice in the matter. i. Experiment with different herbs for different flavors for a side dish. There are over 60 species in the genus that include those grown for seeds, those grown for leaves and many that are either weeds or ornamental plants. The species Amaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth) causes the greatest reduction in soybean yields and has the potential to reduce yields by 17 to 68 percent in field experiments (Bensch et al. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. In the Caribbean, the leaves are called callaloo and are sometimes used in a soup called pepperpot soup. The genus contains several well-known ornamental plants, such as A. caudatus (love-lies-bleeding), a native of India and a vigorous, hardy annual with dark purplish flowers crowded in handsome drooping spikes. Each plant is capable of producing 40,000 to 60,000 tiny golden-colored seeds. The flowerheads dry well on their own stems and are a big asset in dried arrangements. In Greece, green amaranth (Amaranthus viridis) is a popular dish and is called vleeta. To this day, amaranth grains are toasted much like popcorn and mixed with honey, molasses, or chocolate to make a treat called alegría (literally, "joy" in Spanish). It has been proposed as an inexpensive native crop that could be cultivated by indigenous people in rural areas for several reasons: 1) it is easily harvested, 2) it produces a lot of fruits (and thus seeds), which are used as grain, 3) it is highly tolerant of arid environments, which are typical of most subtropical and some tropical regions, and 4) it contains large amounts of protein and essential amino acids, such as lysine (De Macvean and Pöll 2002). 2002. Bensch, C. N., M. J. Horak, and D. Peterson. 2004. The original spelling is amarant; the more common spelling amaranth seems to have come from a folk etymology assuming that the final syllable derives from the Greek word anthos("flower"), common in botanical names. A traditional food plant in Africa, amaranth has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development, and support sustainable land care (NRC 2006). Stem morphology and anatomy in. In Indonesia and Malaysia, leaf amaranth is called bayam, while the Tagalogs in the Philippines call the plant kulitis. 2007). Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. However, their moderately high content of oxalic acid inhibits the absorption of calcium and zinc, and also means that they should be avoided or eaten in moderation by people with kidney disorders, gout, or rheumatoid arthritis. Just steam them lightly. prince's feather and pigweed. season! It is a popular snack sold in Mexico City and other parts of Mexico, sometimes mixed with chocolate or puffed rice, and its use has spread to Europe and other parts of North America. Light, heat and moisture will damage the oils in the seeds and cause them to go rancid. The seed heads resemble really bushy corn tassels. by an early doom. For breakfast cereal, add raisins and honey while cooking and serve with milk. Costea (2003). eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_3',167,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_4',167,'0','1']));eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_5',167,'0','2'])); In East Africa, amaranth leaf is known in Swahili as mchicha. Amaranth is a highly-nutritive tonic herb. Look for a thick, smooth red-veined stem, arrow-shaped leaves and a bushy flower head. If the leaves start to fall off, that’s an indication that it’s about ready. 1500. Costea, M., D. Brenner, F. Tardif, Y. Tan, and M. Sun. Amaranth was used in several Aztec ceremonies, where images of their gods (notably Huitzilopochtli) were made with amaranth mixed with honey. Amaranth grows as a weed in many gardens. This looked like the Christian communion to the Roman Catholic priests, so the cultivation of the grain was forbidden for centuries. Nitrates have been linked to stomach cancer. Flowers and their meanings are best described in floriography, which deals with the language of flowers. Amaranth seeds can be used as a grain substitute for someone who is sensitive to grains or looking for a low-carb option. Enama, M. 1994. Do not eat Amaranth that has been grown in manure and chemically fertilized areas as it stores the nitrates these fertilizers contain in its leaves. Because it contains no gluten, it must be mixed with other flours for yeast breads, but you can use up to 50% amaranth flour with no negative effects on the performance of the base flour.