What It Is: Timber framing combines handcrafted timbers with time-honored building techniques. The panels are lightweight and are already filled with insulation when they arrive on the site. Concrete homes, which have been popular for some time, offer a lot of flexibility in design so that you can take into account not only climate, but also specific building site limitations. Considered one of the best alternatives to stick-built homes, CFS is cost-efficient and environmentally friendly. The study concludes that although none of the three alternative systems are currently cost competitive with conventional wood framing, materials and methods could be mixed to construct more affordable housing. It is one of the easiest types of materials to maintain because all it needs is a fresh coat of paint or zinc coating to prevent rust. The subterranean section that follows the silhouette of the hill, has as open plan space that holds the living, dining and kitchen areas. With the increase and instability in lumber prices over the last few years, alternative framing materials are becoming more cost-effective; in fact, some are even beginning to compete with dimensional lumber. Hosting Thanksgiving dinner for the first time or need a quick refresher? For example, if the exposure on your siding was 5 ½ inches, the new siding must match as closely as possible.” She adds, termites are still an issue, and fiber cement is still popular as a replacement instead of new wood. Similar in appearance to other stucco structures or adobe buildings, straw is incredibly cost effective; it is made from the leftover stalks of wheat, oats and other grain crops after the plants are harvested. The material also boasts excellent fire-retardant properties. Also, some new homes are being constructed from discarded components from other homes, such as doors and windows that can be used to create walls for a new home. Although building with AAC is more expensive than standard 2×4 construction, the company offsets higher costs in other ways to remain competitive with wood-framed houses. The angle of the roof provides privacy on top and the interior has a thin box in the middle where the bedrooms are located. Synthetic tiles. Most of these panels come as part of a system that lets you build a custom home for a lot less. Costs can vary with the type of bricks, but traditional red ones are very affordable. In addition to being cheap building materials, many of them are also more environmentally friendly than traditional ones. Inspired by the design of the Nezu Museum in Tokyo, the bamboo screen that wraps around the house was the designer’s interpretation of that building. We've got the low-down on how to make sure everything from your perennials to your roses are ready when the snow flies. It’s highly desirable for the fact that it makes indoor space light and bright and when used as a major part of the structure, it creates a dramatic home. It is being built using prefabricated panels that are filled with straw bale that has been locally sourced directly from the University’s farmland. Leveraging solar passive design and a carefully chosen site will minimize solar gain. Fiber-cement siding is typically much thinner than traditional horizontal wood siding, but many manufacturers offer products that replicate traditional exposure dimensions and details, such as “milled” edges or wood-like surfaces. Most houses uses some glass – for the windows at the very least – but this one in Valencia, Spain features a facade entirely made of glass, all the way around. Roof framing with welded-wire panels required eight times the labor of wood framing for five times the total cost. Among cheap building materials, concrete panels are a stylish option that makes having a concrete exterior a lot easier. The popularity of industrial style is also making cheap building materials like industrial steel and iron equally popular. When it comes to building material options, you can’t get much more natural than mycelium, which is the vegetative part of a fungus. The use of shipping containers for home construction has been gaining in popularity and why not: It’s a perfect example of adaptive reuse and meshes well with the tiny house trend. What They Are: Fiberglass panels are made from insulating foam sandwiched between two layers of structural material. Straw Bale One of the lesser-known alternatives to wood framing materials, straw bale is made by covering baled straw with stucco. A demonstration house using these panels for the exterior walls required two-thirds more labor per linear square foot than the wood frame method. What It Is: Homes are built in-factory, then collapsed and taken to the home site and erected with cranes. It’s hardened in a mold and then processed in an autoclave to produce blocks 8 in. BH&G is part of the Meredith Home Group. Local: 1-202-708-3178    Fax: 1-202-708-9981. Concrete panels have lots of advantages, such as durability, weatherproof qualities, sound suppression and insulation properties. One of the lesser-known alternatives to wood framing materials, straw bale is made by covering baled straw with stucco. AAC blocks are not the only alternative. Converts will tell you it’s well worth it. One more consideration: there is a learning curve in working with new materials. It lasts a long time and is completely recyclable. According to YR Architecture, Old timbers are usually more durable and dried out, which means they are less likely to warp or split. However, if used correctly, they can make for a strong, durable and cost-effective housing material. There is also a wide range of types of glass available, from shatterproof to tempered glass and glass blocks. Here some new materials and technology is discussed as well and a list many alternate materials for foundation, roof and walls are presented with details of each. The Steel Framing Alliance claims that there is only 2 percent waste when using steel to frame a 2,000 square-foot home, versus 20 percent when using traditional lumber. Required fields are marked *, Copyright © 2008-2020 - All Rights Reserved Privacy Policy and Disclosure Update Privacy Settings. Advantages: It's virtually as strong as concrete, but lightweight and easy to handle during building. From high-tech to timber frame, today's houses are being built with more than wood and brick. Whether you call them substitute materials, alternative materials, or simply stand-ins, man-made products crafted to imitate natural substances have a long and complex history among traditional buildings—and one that is changing swiftly. Architects have also been known to build homes with everything from tires to old bottles. We already reuse and recycle plastics for other consumer uses, why not for construction? Increased processing to bring the material up to current fire-retardant standards, and the susceptibility of wood to water damage and pests are two of the most common. Cold-formed steel (CFS) and its use in residential framing dates back to the mid-1800s. Disadvantages: It costs 5 -- 10 percent more than stick building, and early engineered-wood products raised concerns because of out gassing problems. Recalls Gipson, “A lot of times, what I find in rehab projects is that the termites go after a new addition first with its softer woods like yellow pines. AAC blocks take the place of a number of components used in a standard stick frame—wood, insulation, house wrap, and drywall—all in a single product. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home! A larger model actually has a second container on top – a 20-foot size –that acts as a second floor and creates a rooftop deck. The 10 Most Popular House Styles Explained, A Whole-House Cleaning Schedule You'll Actually Stick To, Call Your Stylist: These Hair Colors Will Be Everywhere This Spring, 7 Small But Impactful Ways to Fit Self-Care Into Your Day Right Now, Luna, Bella & Lily Top This Year's List of Most Popular Cat Names. When budgeting for brick, make sure that you include installation because it is not a DIY project and needs to be done by a professional. “You have to weigh two approaches: Do I pay more for wood I know will be durable, or pay less for a product that I think will look like wood, but don’t know how long it will last? Straw bale houses aren't particularly common, but offer excellent insulation and a cost effective way to build a home. Aptly named the Bamboo Veil House, this home is in Singapore and got its bamboo makeover in 2019. In four "demonstration" houses constructed using this material, the lower material and equipment costs associated with steel-framed interior and exterior walls brought its total cost to within 7 percent of the cost of wood framing even though the alternative system required 30 percent more labor to construct. When you seek out how to build a cheap house, take a look at alternative materials for the construction of … Inside, they’re convenient and cozy, while on the outside, they’re clad in wood. Bell studied English composition and literature at the University of Boston and the University of Maryland. It’s also totally recyclable. They are great because they use less energy and don’t need as many building materials. Stone cladding can be used for the entire façade of the house or for just a portion, such as the base of the home or the chimney.